Ashura in India in 2023

Ashura in India in 2023
Asure (Noah Pudding) is a traditional dessert to serve on the 10th day of Muharram. Image by esindeniz , via 123RF

  How long until Ashura?
Ashura
  Dates of Ashura in India
2024 Jul 16
Andhra PradeshTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
BiharTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
DelhiTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
GujaratTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
JharkhandTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
KarnatakaTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
KeralaTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
MaharashtraTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
MizoramTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
OdishaTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
RajasthanTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
Tamil NaduTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
TelanganaTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
TripuraTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
UttarakhandTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
West BengalTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
2023 Jul 29
Andhra PradeshSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
BiharSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
DelhiSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
GujaratSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
JharkhandSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
KarnatakaSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
KeralaSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
MaharashtraSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
MizoramSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
OdishaSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
RajasthanSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
Tamil NaduSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
TelanganaSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
TripuraSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
UttarakhandSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
West BengalSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
2022 Aug 8, Aug 9
Andhra PradeshTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
BiharTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
ChandigarhTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
DelhiTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
GujaratTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
JharkhandTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
KarnatakaTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
KeralaTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
MaharashtraTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
MaharashtraTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
MizoramTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
OdishaTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
RajasthanTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
Tamil NaduTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
TelanganaTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
TripuraTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
UttarakhandTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
West BengalTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirMon, Aug 8Regional Holiday
2021 Aug 19, Aug 20
Andhra PradeshFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
DelhiFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
KarnatakaFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
OdishaFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
Tamil NaduFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
TelanganaFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
BiharThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
ChandigarhThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
GujaratThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
JharkhandThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
MaharashtraThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
MizoramThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
RajasthanThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
TripuraThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
UttarakhandThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
West BengalThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
2020 Aug 29, Aug 30
Andhra PradeshSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
ChandigarhSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
DelhiSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
GujaratSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
JharkhandSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
KarnatakaSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
MaharashtraSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
MizoramSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
OdishaSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
Tamil NaduSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
TelanganaSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
UttarakhandSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
West BengalSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
BiharSat, Aug 29Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirSat, Aug 29Regional Holiday
KeralaSat, Aug 29Regional Holiday
RajasthanSat, Aug 29Regional Holiday
TripuraSat, Aug 29Regional Holiday
  Summary

Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar and marks the climax of the Mourning of Muharram

  Ashura in other countries
Ashura internationally
  Which regions observe Ashura in 2023?
National Holiday Regional Holiday Not a public holiday Govt Holiday
Related holidays

When is Ashura?

The Day of Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. It marks the Remembrance of Muharram but not the Islamic month.

Traditions of Ashura

A'ashura was an ancient Judaic feast day of celebration and atonement. It is traditionally the day when the prophet Musa (Moses) freed the Israelites from Egyptian slavery and a day associated with Jesus’ ascension to heaven. It is believed that God saved the prophet Nuh (Noah) and his companions from the genesis flood on this day.

It is better known these days for mourning the martyrdom of Hussain ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) at the Battle of Karbala in the year 61 AH (AD 680).

Sunni Muslims believe that Moses fasted on this day to demonstrate his gratitude to God for the deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt. According to Sunni traditions, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) fasted on this day and encouraged others to fast.

While the word ashura means 'tenth' in Arabic and literally translated, means "the tenth day"; Islamic scholars differ on the reason for the naming.

The Oldest Dessert In The World

Asure or Noah’s pudding is a dessert of Turkish origin composed of cereals and dried fruits. It is a tradition served on the day of Ashura.

The Turkish legends say that this dish was made by prophet Noah himself when the ark landed on the mountains of Ararat in the Armenian highlands on the 10th day of Muharram. As the ark was stuck in the Biblical flood for days, the food supplies were getting scarce. To prevent people from starving, Noah made a mixed porridge with all the leftover ingredients in the ark and fed his people.

As mentioned, many people fast during the day of Ashura, so it makes sense to have such a flavorful and nutritious packed dish to break the fast.

Asure is prepared in large pots and distributed amongst neighbours. According to Islamic scholars, 40 houses in each direction is comprises of a neighbuorhood. 

Commemoration of Ashura is not a celebration but a respectful and mournful occasion for both Shi'a and Sunni Muslims - and for Shi'as, it is a particularly intense period of grief and mourning.

Mourners, of both sexes, traditionally congregate at a Mosque for sorrowful, poetic lamentations performed in memory of the martyrdom, grieving to the tune of beating drums and chants of "Ya Hussain." Also, scholars will give sermons on the themes of Hussein's personality and position in Islam, and the history of his uprising.

In Arab countries such as Lebanon and Iraq, the sheikh of the mosque will retell the story of the Battle of Karbala so that the audience is reminded of the anguish and sorrow that was endured by Hussain and his family. In some regions, passion plays may also be performed that reenact the battle.

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