Islamic New Year around the world in 2020

  How long until Islamic New Year?
This holiday next takes place in 315 days in Somalia.
  Dates of Islamic New Year around the world
2021 Various Aug 10
AlgeriaTue, Aug 10National Holiday
BahrainTue, Aug 10National Holiday
Bosnia and HerzegovinaTue, Aug 10Regional Holiday
BruneiTue, Aug 10National Holiday
ComorosTue, Aug 10National Holiday
DjiboutiTue, Aug 10National Holiday
EgyptTue, Aug 10National Holiday
IndonesiaTue, Aug 10National Holiday
IraqTue, Aug 10National Holiday
JordanTue, Aug 10National Holiday
KuwaitTue, Aug 10National Holiday
LebanonTue, Aug 10National Holiday
LibyaTue, Aug 10National Holiday
MaldivesTue, Aug 10National Holiday
MauritaniaTue, Aug 10National Holiday
MoroccoTue, Aug 10National Holiday
NigerTue, Aug 10National Holiday
OmanTue, Aug 10National Holiday
SomaliaTue, Aug 10National Holiday
SudanTue, Aug 10National Holiday
TunisiaTue, Aug 10National Holiday
United Arab EmiratesTue, Aug 10National Holiday
YemenTue, Aug 10National Holiday
2020 Various Jul 31, Aug 20, Aug 23
AlgeriaThu, Aug 20National Holiday
BahrainThu, Aug 20National Holiday
Bosnia and HerzegovinaThu, Aug 20Regional Holiday
BruneiThu, Aug 20National Holiday
ComorosThu, Aug 20National Holiday
DjiboutiThu, Aug 20National Holiday
EgyptThu, Aug 20National Holiday
IndonesiaThu, Aug 20National Holiday
IraqThu, Aug 20National Holiday
JordanThu, Aug 20National Holiday
KuwaitThu, Aug 20National Holiday
LebanonThu, Aug 20National Holiday
LibyaThu, Aug 20National Holiday
MaldivesThu, Aug 20National Holiday
MauritaniaThu, Aug 20National Holiday
MoroccoThu, Aug 20National Holiday
NigerThu, Aug 20National Holiday
OmanThu, Aug 20National Holiday
SomaliaFri, Jul 31National Holiday
SudanThu, Aug 20National Holiday
TunisiaThu, Aug 20National Holiday
United Arab EmiratesSun, Aug 23National Holiday
YemenThu, Aug 20National Holiday
2019 Various Aug 30, Aug 31, Sep 1, Sep 2
AlgeriaSun, Sep 1National Holiday
BahrainSat, Aug 31National Holiday
Bosnia and HerzegovinaSun, Sep 1Regional Holiday
BruneiMon, Sep 2National Holiday (in lieu)
ComorosSun, Sep 1National Holiday
DjiboutiSun, Sep 1National Holiday
EgyptSat, Aug 31National Holiday
IndonesiaSun, Sep 1National Holiday
IraqSun, Sep 1National Holiday
JordanSat, Aug 31National Holiday
KuwaitSat, Aug 31National Holiday
LebanonSun, Sep 1National Holiday
LibyaSun, Sep 1National Holiday
MaldivesSun, Sep 1National Holiday
MauritaniaSun, Sep 1National Holiday
MoroccoSun, Sep 1National Holiday
NigerSun, Sep 1National Holiday
Nigeria Aug 30, Sep 2
KanoMon, Sep 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
SokotoMon, Sep 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
OsunFri, Aug 30Regional Holiday (in lieu)
Oman Aug 31, Sep 1
OmanSun, Sep 1National Holiday (in lieu)
OmanSat, Aug 31National Holiday
SomaliaSun, Sep 1National Holiday
SudanSun, Sep 1National Holiday
TunisiaSun, Sep 1National Holiday
United Arab EmiratesSat, Aug 31National Holiday
YemenSun, Sep 1National Holiday
2018 Various Sep 11, Sep 13
AlgeriaTue, Sep 11National Holiday
BahrainTue, Sep 11National Holiday
Bosnia and HerzegovinaTue, Sep 11Regional Holiday
BruneiTue, Sep 11National Holiday
ComorosTue, Sep 11National Holiday
DjiboutiTue, Sep 11National Holiday
EgyptTue, Sep 11National Holiday
IndonesiaTue, Sep 11National Holiday
IraqTue, Sep 11National Holiday
JordanTue, Sep 11National Holiday
KuwaitTue, Sep 11National Holiday
LebanonTue, Sep 11National Holiday
LibyaTue, Sep 11National Holiday
MaldivesTue, Sep 11National Holiday
MauritaniaTue, Sep 11National Holiday
MoroccoTue, Sep 11National Holiday
NigerTue, Sep 11National Holiday
Nigeria Sep 11
JigawaTue, Sep 11Regional Holiday
KanoTue, Sep 11Regional Holiday
OsunTue, Sep 11Regional Holiday
OyoTue, Sep 11Regional Holiday
OmanTue, Sep 11National Holiday
SomaliaTue, Sep 11National Holiday
SudanTue, Sep 11National Holiday
TunisiaTue, Sep 11National Holiday
United Arab EmiratesThu, Sep 13National Holiday
YemenTue, Sep 11National Holiday
2017 Various Sep 21, Sep 22
AlgeriaThu, Sep 21National Holiday
BahrainThu, Sep 21National Holiday
Bosnia and HerzegovinaFri, Sep 22Regional Holiday
BruneiThu, Sep 21National Holiday
EgyptThu, Sep 21National Holiday
IndonesiaThu, Sep 21National Holiday
IraqFri, Sep 22National Holiday
JordanThu, Sep 21National Holiday
KuwaitThu, Sep 21National Holiday
LebanonThu, Sep 21National Holiday
LibyaThu, Sep 21National Holiday
MaldivesThu, Sep 21National Holiday
MoroccoThu, Sep 21National Holiday
Nigeria Sep 21, Sep 22
JigawaFri, Sep 22Regional Holiday
KanoFri, Sep 22Regional Holiday
Nigeria OtherFri, Sep 22Regional Holiday
OsunThu, Sep 21Regional Holiday
OyoThu, Sep 21Regional Holiday
OmanThu, Sep 21National Holiday
TunisiaFri, Sep 22National Holiday
United Arab EmiratesThu, Sep 21National Holiday
YemenThu, Sep 21National Holiday
Marks Islamic New Year and the Prophet's journey from Mecca to Medina in 622AD.
  Which countries observe Islamic New Year in 2020?
Algeria  AlgeriaAug 20National Holiday
Bahrain  BahrainAug 20National Holiday
Bosnia and Herzegovina  Bosnia and HerzegovinaAug 20Regional Holiday
Brunei  BruneiAug 20National Holiday
Comoros  ComorosAug 20National Holiday
Djibouti  DjiboutiAug 20National Holiday
Egypt  EgyptAug 20National Holiday
Indonesia  IndonesiaAug 20National Holiday
Iraq  IraqAug 20National Holiday
Jordan  JordanAug 20National Holiday
Kuwait  KuwaitAug 20National Holiday
Lebanon  LebanonAug 20National Holiday
Libya  LibyaAug 20National Holiday
Maldives  MaldivesAug 20National Holiday
Mauritania  MauritaniaAug 20National Holiday
Morocco  MoroccoAug 20National Holiday
Niger  NigerAug 20National Holiday
Oman  OmanAug 20National Holiday
Somalia  SomaliaJul 31National Holiday
Sudan  SudanAug 20National Holiday
Tunisia  TunisiaAug 20National Holiday
United Arab Emirates  United Arab EmiratesAug 23National Holiday
Yemen  YemenAug 20National Holiday

When is Awal Muharram?

Awal Muharram or Hijri New Year is celebrated by Muslims as the day symbolises two important events in the Islamic year.

Awal means beginning in English and Muharram is the name of the first month in the Muslim calendar. The first day of Muharram is therefore the Islamic New Year's Day and on this date the Hijra, the historic journey from Mecca to Medina began.

The Islamic Calendar

Islam has a calendar based on the revolutions of the Moon rather than the sun. Thus, it is only 354 days long. Islamic New Year is celebrated on the first day of Muharram, the first Islamic month.

Compared to Western calendars, the Islamic year goes backwards by about 11 days every year.

The date shown on this page is the date that most countries will observe. The date in some countries may vary by up to two days, as some countries use a lunar sighting basis to determine the date. Because of this, the official dates may not be announced until close to the actual day.

Islamic New Year

This day is a public holiday in most Islamic countries and this year's date for New Year in each country along with the name of the day in that country is shown in the table of countries to the right.

Islamic New Year represents the starting point of the Muslim era as it coincides with the Hijrah, the Prophet's journey from Mecca to Medina on the first of Muharram in 622 CE.

Prophet Mohammed needed to relocate because somebody had intentions to execute him. Consequently, the Prophet chose to go to a town known as Yathrib, some 320 km north of Mecca. Yathrib is known today as Medina, in modern-day Saudi Arabia, which translates to 'the city'.

Hijrah gave freedom from suffering for the Muslims in Mecca. When the Prophet emigrated to Medina, Muslims there were indirectly saved from further persecution by the Meccan pagans.

After the Hijrah, it was then declared by the Prophet in the Constitution of Medina that Muslims are a universal brotherhood with a unique identity in faith and ideology.

Umar ibn Al-Khattab, a close companion of Prophet Muhammad and the second caliph, subsequently adopted Hijrah as the reference point for the Islamic calendar, either in 638 CE or 639 CE.

The customs of Awal Muharram vary from country to country, though they generally involve attending various religious activities, spiritual singing and religious meetings. The traditions and customs for Muharram also vary between Shia and Sunni Muslims.

For both, the marking of the beginning of the new year is usually quiet, unlike New Year's celebrations associated with other calendars. It is a time for Muslims to reflect on the passing of time and their own mortality.

To mark Muharram, Muslims will recite Koranic verses and hold special prayers and sermons at public halls and mosques.

The New Year itself is known to Muslims as Maal Hijra.

Muharram is the second most holy month of the Islamic year, after Ramadan. On 10 Muharram, many Muslims mark Ashura which commemorates the martyrdom of Hussain ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad.

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