Ashura around the world in 2023

Ashura around the world in 2023
Asure (Noah Pudding) is a traditional dessert to serve on the 10th day of Muharram. Image by esindeniz , via 123RF

  How long until Ashura?
  Dates of Ashura around the world
2024 Various Jul 16, Jul 17
AfghanistanTue, Jul 16National Holiday
AlgeriaTue, Jul 16National Holiday
Bahrain Jul 16, Jul 17
BahrainWed, Jul 17National Holiday
BahrainTue, Jul 16National Holiday
BangladeshTue, Jul 16National Holiday
GambiaTue, Jul 16National Holiday
India Jul 16
Andhra PradeshTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
BiharTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
DelhiTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
GujaratTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
JharkhandTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
KarnatakaTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
KeralaTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
MaharashtraTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
MizoramTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
OdishaTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
RajasthanTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
Tamil NaduTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
TelanganaTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
TripuraTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
UttarakhandTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
West BengalTue, Jul 16Regional Holiday
IranWed, Jul 17National Holiday
IraqTue, Jul 16National Holiday
LebanonTue, Jul 16National Holiday
Pakistan Jul 16, Jul 17
PakistanWed, Jul 17National Holiday
PakistanTue, Jul 16National Holiday
SenegalTue, Jul 16National Holiday
SomaliaTue, Jul 16National Holiday
2023 Various Jul 27, Jul 28, Jul 29
AlgeriaFri, Jul 28National Holiday
Bahrain Jul 27, Jul 28
BahrainFri, Jul 28National Holiday
BahrainThu, Jul 27National Holiday
BangladeshSat, Jul 29National Holiday
GambiaFri, Jul 28National Holiday
India Jul 28, Jul 29
Andhra PradeshSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
BiharSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
DelhiSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
GujaratSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
JharkhandSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
KarnatakaSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
MaharashtraSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
MizoramSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
RajasthanSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
Tamil NaduSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
TelanganaSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
TripuraSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
UttarakhandSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
West BengalSat, Jul 29Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirFri, Jul 28Regional Holiday
KeralaFri, Jul 28Regional Holiday
OdishaFri, Jul 28Regional Holiday
IranFri, Jul 28National Holiday
IraqFri, Jul 28National Holiday
LebanonFri, Jul 28National Holiday
Pakistan Jul 27, Jul 28
PakistanFri, Jul 28National Holiday
PakistanThu, Jul 27National Holiday
SenegalFri, Jul 28National Holiday
SomaliaFri, Jul 28National Holiday
2022 Various Aug 7, Aug 8, Aug 9
AlgeriaSun, Aug 7National Holiday
Bahrain Aug 7, Aug 8
BahrainMon, Aug 8National Holiday
BahrainSun, Aug 7National Holiday
BangladeshTue, Aug 9National Holiday
GambiaMon, Aug 8National Holiday
India Aug 8, Aug 9
Andhra PradeshTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
BiharTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
ChandigarhTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
DelhiTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
GujaratTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
JharkhandTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
KarnatakaTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
KeralaTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
MaharashtraTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
MaharashtraTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
MizoramTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
OdishaTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
RajasthanTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
Tamil NaduTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
TelanganaTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
TripuraTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
UttarakhandTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
West BengalTue, Aug 9Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirMon, Aug 8Regional Holiday
IranMon, Aug 8National Holiday
IraqTue, Aug 9National Holiday
LebanonTue, Aug 9National Holiday
Pakistan Aug 8, Aug 9
PakistanTue, Aug 9National Holiday
PakistanMon, Aug 8National Holiday
SenegalMon, Aug 8National Holiday
SomaliaMon, Aug 8National Holiday
2021 Various Aug 18, Aug 19, Aug 20
AfghanistanWed, Aug 18National Holiday
AlgeriaThu, Aug 19National Holiday
Bahrain Aug 18, Aug 19
BahrainThu, Aug 19National Holiday
BahrainWed, Aug 18National Holiday
BangladeshThu, Aug 19National Holiday
GambiaThu, Aug 19National Holiday
India Aug 19, Aug 20
Andhra PradeshFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
DelhiFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
KarnatakaFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
OdishaFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
Tamil NaduFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
TelanganaFri, Aug 20Regional Holiday
BiharThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
ChandigarhThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
GujaratThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
JharkhandThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
MaharashtraThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
MizoramThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
RajasthanThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
TripuraThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
UttarakhandThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
West BengalThu, Aug 19Regional Holiday
IranThu, Aug 19National Holiday
IraqWed, Aug 18National Holiday
LebanonThu, Aug 19National Holiday
Pakistan Aug 18, Aug 19
PakistanThu, Aug 19National Holiday
PakistanWed, Aug 18National Holiday
SenegalThu, Aug 19National Holiday
SomaliaThu, Aug 19National Holiday
2020 Various Aug 28, Aug 29, Aug 30
AfghanistanSat, Aug 29National Holiday
AlgeriaSat, Aug 29National Holiday
Bahrain Aug 28, Aug 29
BahrainSat, Aug 29National Holiday
BahrainFri, Aug 28National Holiday
BangladeshSat, Aug 29National Holiday
GambiaSat, Aug 29National Holiday
India Aug 29, Aug 30
Andhra PradeshSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
ChandigarhSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
DelhiSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
GujaratSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
JharkhandSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
KarnatakaSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
MaharashtraSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
MizoramSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
OdishaSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
Tamil NaduSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
TelanganaSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
UttarakhandSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
West BengalSun, Aug 30Regional Holiday
BiharSat, Aug 29Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirSat, Aug 29Regional Holiday
KeralaSat, Aug 29Regional Holiday
RajasthanSat, Aug 29Regional Holiday
TripuraSat, Aug 29Regional Holiday
IranSat, Aug 29National Holiday
IraqSat, Aug 29National Holiday
LebanonSat, Aug 29National Holiday
Pakistan Aug 29, Aug 30
PakistanSun, Aug 30National Holiday
PakistanSat, Aug 29National Holiday
SenegalSat, Aug 29National Holiday
SomaliaSat, Aug 29National Holiday

Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar and marks the climax of the Mourning of Muharram

  Which countries observe Ashura in 2023?
National Holiday Regional Holiday Not a public holiday Govt Holiday
  AlgeriaJul 28
  BahrainJul 27, Jul 28
  GambiaJul 28
  IndiaJul 28, Jul 29
  IranJul 28
  IraqJul 28
  LebanonJul 28
  PakistanJul 27, Jul 28
  SenegalJul 28
  SomaliaJul 28
Related holidays

When is Ashura?

The Day of Ashura is the 10th day of Muharram in the Islamic calendar. It marks the Remembrance of Muharram but not the Islamic month.

Traditions of Ashura

A'ashura was an ancient Judaic feast day of celebration and atonement. It is traditionally the day when the prophet Musa (Moses) freed the Israelites from Egyptian slavery and a day associated with Jesus’ ascension to heaven. It is believed that God saved the prophet Nuh (Noah) and his companions from the genesis flood on this day.

It is better known these days for mourning the martyrdom of Hussain ibn Ali, the grandson of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) at the Battle of Karbala in the year 61 AH (AD 680).

Sunni Muslims believe that Moses fasted on this day to demonstrate his gratitude to God for the deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt. According to Sunni traditions, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) fasted on this day and encouraged others to fast.

While the word ashura means 'tenth' in Arabic and literally translated, means "the tenth day"; Islamic scholars differ on the reason for the naming.

The Oldest Dessert In The World

Asure or Noah’s pudding is a dessert of Turkish origin composed of cereals and dried fruits. It is a tradition served on the day of Ashura.

The Turkish legends say that this dish was made by prophet Noah himself when the ark landed on the mountains of Ararat in the Armenian highlands on the 10th day of Muharram. As the ark was stuck in the Biblical flood for days, the food supplies were getting scarce. To prevent people from starving, Noah made a mixed porridge with all the leftover ingredients in the ark and fed his people.

As mentioned, many people fast during the day of Ashura, so it makes sense to have such a flavorful and nutritious packed dish to break the fast.

Asure is prepared in large pots and distributed amongst neighbours. According to Islamic scholars, 40 houses in each direction is comprises of a neighbuorhood. 

Commemoration of Ashura is not a celebration but a respectful and mournful occasion for both Shi'a and Sunni Muslims - and for Shi'as, it is a particularly intense period of grief and mourning.

Mourners, of both sexes, traditionally congregate at a Mosque for sorrowful, poetic lamentations performed in memory of the martyrdom, grieving to the tune of beating drums and chants of "Ya Hussain." Also, scholars will give sermons on the themes of Hussein's personality and position in Islam, and the history of his uprising.

In Arab countries such as Lebanon and Iraq, the sheikh of the mosque will retell the story of the Battle of Karbala so that the audience is reminded of the anguish and sorrow that was endured by Hussain and his family. In some regions, passion plays may also be performed that reenact the battle.

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