International Women's Day (in lieu) in Russia in 2020

International Women's Day (in lieu) in Russia in 2020
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  How long until International Women's Day (in lieu)?
This holiday next takes place in 147 days.
  Dates of International Women's Day (in lieu) in Russia
2021 Russia Mon, Mar 8 National Holiday
2020 Russia Mon, Mar 9 National Holiday (in lieu)
2019 Russia Fri, Mar 8 National Holiday
2018 Mar 8, Mar 9
RussiaFri, Mar 9National Holiday (bridge day)
RussiaThu, Mar 8National Holiday
2017 Russia Wed, Mar 8 National Holiday
The UN has declared 8 March to be a day to celebrate, recognise and remember women
  International Women's Day (in lieu) in other countries
International Women's Day (in lieu) internationally

When is International Women's Day?

International Women's Day is celebrated on 8th March.

27 countries (mainly former Soviet republics) have adopted International Women's Day as a national holiday, and it is widely observed in several others.

For most of the countries who observe this holiday, if it falls on a weekend, it will be moved to the following Monday. If it falls on a Tuesday or Thursday, several countries will bridge the holiday to the weekend by declaring an additional public holiday on the Monday or Friday - though often this is compensated for by making a Saturday a working day.

In China since 2014, women are entitled to a half day holiday for Women's Day. In Madagascar and Nepal, the day is also an official women-only holiday.

History of International Women's Day

International Women's Day was first established at the 1910 International Socialist Women's Conference in Copenhagen. German women's rights activist and Marxist theorist Clara Zetkin was the one who tabled the idea.

Germany, Austria, Switzerland, and Denmark celebrated the holiday for the first time on 19 March 1911, with the Soviet Union the first to make it a public holiday in 1917. The date of 8th March was adopted internationally in 1921.

In 1977, the United Nations declared 8th March as International Women's Day, a day each year when the world should celebrate, recognize and remember women and the accomplishments they have made to society. Each year has a theme:

  • 2019: #BalanceforBetter;  a call-to-action for driving gender balance across the world.
  • 2018: #PressforProgress
  • 2017: "Women in the Changing World of Work: Planet 50-50 by 2030"
  • 2016: "Pledge for Parity"

It is often said that the date chosen for International Women's Day marks a mass protest that took place in New York on 8 March 1857, when women from sewing and shoe factories demonstrated for the same rights as men. Men had recently won a 10-hour workday, but women had been overlooked in the legislation and left on a 16-hour workday. As as a result, 8th March became a traditional day for regular demonstrations in the US and Europe.

However, recent reports have cast doubt on whether this event ever took place, with newspapers of the time not reporting any such march.

Given how the holiday began in Russia, a more plausible source for the date is 1917 when Russian women marched to protest for 'Bread and Peace' on the last Sunday in February (which was 8 March in the Gregorian calendar in use in the rest of Europe). This march contributed to the Czar abdicating four days later and the new government granted women the right to vote. It would be three years later before women in the US had the same rights.

Women's Day in Russia

In Russia, Women's Day is a significant and popular holiday. Its source in the events of 1917 that were part of the Russian revolution meant it was a holiday that was promoted by the Soviet regime.

The day first became a national holiday in 1965.

It is traditional on this holiday to present women with gifts and flowers to express appreciation for their work, love, and devotion. Across Russia, this public holiday is generally seen as a day to celebrate femininity, beauty and the oncoming spring season rather than a day for women's and minority rights.

It can be regarded as mixing up elements of Mother's Day combined with some aspects of Valentine's Day. Indeed, sales of flowers on Women's Day in Russia outstrip those on Valentine's Day.

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