Independence Day around the world in 2024

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Independence Day
  Dates of Independence Day around the world
2025 PeruJul 28, Jul 29
Peru Tue, Jul 29National Holiday (additional day)
Peru Mon, Jul 28National Holiday
2024 PeruJul 28, Jul 29
Peru Mon, Jul 29National Holiday (additional day)
Peru Sun, Jul 28National Holiday
2023 PeruJul 28, Jul 29
Peru Sat, Jul 29National Holiday (additional day)
Peru Fri, Jul 28National Holiday
2022 PeruJul 28, Jul 29
Peru Fri, Jul 29National Holiday (additional day)
Peru Thu, Jul 28National Holiday
2021 PeruJul 28, Jul 29
Peru Thu, Jul 29National Holiday (additional day)
Peru Wed, Jul 28National Holiday

Marks the declaration of independence from Spain in 1821

When is Independence Day in Peru?

Known as 'Fiestas Patrias', this holiday is always celebrated on July 28th and marks Peru's declaration of independence from Spain in 1821.

The holiday lasts for two days. If July 28th falls on a Tuesday, then the Monday may be given as a bridge holiday.

History of Independence Day in Peru

Peru was first colonised by the Spanish in the 15th century. Despite the wars of independence being fought across Latin America in the early 19th century, Peru remained loyal to the Spanish crown. There had been some insurrection but this had been quashed by the government.

The Viceroy of Peru then initiated a military campaign against Chile and their fight for independence. Despite some early success, the tide turned against the Viceroy and the Royalist forces. Argentina and Chile then signed a treaty to peruse the 'liberation' of Peru. On entering Lima, the Argentinian commander, Jose San Martin declared the independence of Peru on July 28th 1821.

However, it wasn't until 1824, following the decisive victory came at the Battle of Ayacucho, under the leadership of Simon Bolivar and Jose San Martin, that independence was achieved.

How is Independence Day in Peru celebrated?

Celebrations usually begin on the evening of July 27th with folk music played across parks and plazas in Peru.

On July 28th, the statewide commemoration begins with a 21-cannon saluteand flag-raising ceremony in Lima, followed by a Te Deum service led by the archbishop of the capital city and attended by the President of the Republic.

Arrive early in Miraflores, Lima’s downtown, to secure a seat for the Gran Corso, a massive parade featuring hundreds of people costumed in bright costumes and backed by energetic drum lines. Bring some Peruvian snacks because the march will continue for several hours.

The second day of the holiday focuses on celebrating the Armed Forces and the National Police of Peru and is marked by a large military parade,

In the south of Peru, festivities begin on St. James' Day, July 25th.

Did you know?

Three facts about Independence Day

The Atacama Desert located in Peru and Chile is the driest place on Earth.

The Camu-Camu fruit grows in the Amazon rainforest in Peru and has the highest vitamin C concentration of any food, about 60 times that of an orange.

Although Bolivia, Colombia, Chile, Argentina, and Ecuador speak Quechua, Peru has more Quecha speakers than any other country. The words “llama”, “jerky”, and “quinoa” originate from Quechua.

More facts about Independence Day

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