Berchtolds Day in Liechtenstein in 2020

Berchtolds Day in Liechtenstein in 2020
  How long until Berchtolds Day?
This holiday next takes place in 44 days.
  Dates of Berchtolds Day in Liechtenstein
2021 Liechtenstein Sat, Jan 2 Not A Public Holiday
2020 Liechtenstein Thu, Jan 2 Not A Public Holiday
2019 Liechtenstein Wed, Jan 2 Not A Public Holiday
2018 Liechtenstein Tue, Jan 2 Not A Public Holiday
2017 Liechtenstein Mon, Jan 2 Not A Public Holiday
  Summary
The holiday commemorates Duke Berchtold V, who founded Bern, the capital of Switzerland.
  Local name
Berchtoldstag
  Berchtolds Day in other countries
Berchtolds Day internationally

When is Berchtold's Day?

Berchtold's Day ('Berchtoldstag') is always celebrated on 2 January. It is not moved to a working day if it falls on a weekend.

This day is a public holiday in the following cantons: Aargau, Bern, Fribourg, Glarus, Jura, Lucerne, Neuchâtel, Obwalden, Schaffhausen, Solothurn, Thurgau, Vaud, Zug, and Zurich.

History of Berchtold's Day

Berchtold's Day commemorates Duke Berchtold V of Zähringen (d. 1218), who founded Bern, the capital of Switzerland, in the twelfth-century.

According to legend, he left on a hunt declaring he would name his fledgling city after the first animal he killed. The hunting trip was a success and the Duke managed to kill a bear, or Bern in German.

Despite many references to the day as St. Berchtold's day, he wasn't a saint (certainly not to bears anyway). We are just so used to holidays in Europe being named after saints, that many people have automatically canonised the Duke.

How is Berchtold's Day celebrated?

Handily placed in the calendar, by the ever practical Swiss, to give an extra day to enjoy or recover from the New Year's celebrations, Berchtold's Day is a light-hearted, family orientated celebration.

Nuts

Though it's hard to see the immediate connection with killing a Bear, nuts form a large part of the celebration. Perhaps an explanation is that the Duke managed to kill a Squirrel rather than a Bear, and his exploits have become exaggerated during the intervening centuries?

Eating nuts and nut games, followed by singing and folk dancing are features of Berchtold Day gatherings.

Traditionally children will begin to hoard supplies of nuts in early autumn for Berchtold's Day, when they have a "nut feast".

One favourite game of the children is to try and make "hocks." You need five nuts to make a hock - four nuts placed close together, with a fifth placed on top. This feat of nut engineering may appear simple, but is surprisingly difficult to construct and maintain.

Though the author favours the Squirrel theory and would endorse the immediate re-naming of Berne as 'Eichkätzchen Stadt' (Squirrel Town); the nut element, like most holiday traditions, was most likely appropriated from a much older winter custom, when food such as nuts stored from the autumn harvest, would have been treats eaten to celebrate the turning of the seasons and that spring was now closer than Autumn.

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