Buddha Purnima in Maharashtra in 2024


  How long until Buddha Purnima?
Buddha Purnima
  Dates of Buddha Purnima in Maharashtra
2025 Mon, May 12Regional Holiday
2024 Thu, May 23Regional Holiday
2023 Fri, May 5Regional Holiday
2022 Mon, May 16Regional Holiday
2021 Wed, May 26Regional Holiday
  Summary

Marks three key events in Buddhas life - his birthday, the enlightenment and his achievement of Nirvana

  Buddha Purnima in other countries
Buddha Purnima internationally

When is Buddha Purnima?

Buddha Purnima is the most sacred day in the Buddhist calendar. It is the most important festival of the Buddhists and is celebrated with great enthusiasm.

The exact date of Vesak is the first full moon in the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. The date varies from year to year in the Gregorian calendar but is typically in May.

Followers of Buddhism have been celebrating Buddhist festivals for centuries, but the decision to celebrate this day formally was only taken at the first conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists held in Sri Lanka in 1950. 

Although Buddhists regard every full moon as sacred, the moon of the month of Vaisakh has special significance because on this day the Buddha was born, attained enlightenment (nirvana), and attained parinirvana (nirvana-after-death of the body) when he died.

Traditions of Buddha Purnima

Shakyamuni Buddha, the historical founder of Buddhism, was born in what is present-day Nepal over 3,000 years ago. There are various opinions concerning the exact dates of his birth and death, but according to Buddhist tradition, he is said to have been born April 8, 1029 BC and died on February 15, 949 BC, although other Buddhist scholars place his birth five hundred years later.

His mother, Maya, was the wife of Suddhodana, king of the Shakya clan. According to Buddhist lore, when she conceived, the queen dreamed that an auspicious white elephant entered her womb. A number of texts recount the child’s miraculous birth, detailing how the baby was received by the gods Indra and Brahma, and took seven steps soon after he was born. He is then believed to have received a cleansing bath from the gods, or dragon kings, depending on the country or culture where the legend originated.

Even though many Buddhists observe Buddha's historical birth on 8th April, the exact date remains in question. Although modern archaeological and historical research confirms that Prince Siddartha Gotama lived around this time.

On Buddha Purnima, people dress in white clothes and give out kheer (a rice pudding) as, according to legend, a woman named Sujata once offered Gautam Buddha kheer on his birthday and it has since become a tradition.

The dharmacakra or dharma wheel is a symbol often seen during Vesak. It is a wooden wheel with eight spokes. The wheel represents Buddha's teaching on the path to enlightenment. The eight spokes symbolize the noble eightfold path of Buddhism.

Buddha Purnima in India

Buddha Purnima, also known as Buddha Day, Vesak or Buddha Jayanti, is a very popular festival in India and is much more than just a gazetted holiday. The day is celebrated by both Hindus and Buddhists. The festival holds special importance in Nepal and India both as Lord Buddha was born in the Lumbini region of Nepal and he attained salvation in Kushinagar of India.

In Hinduism, Lord Buddha is considered as the eighth reincarnation of Lord Vishnu and hence the day is celebrated with great zeal and much fervour.

In India, Buddha Purnima is a holiday in Andaman and Nicobar, Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Delhi, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Mizoram, Uttarakhand and Uttar Pradesh. The public holiday for Buddha Purnima in India was initiated by B.R. Ambedkar when he was the minister of law and justice.


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