Buddha Purnima around the world in 2025

  How long until Buddha Purnima?
Buddha Purnima
  Dates of Buddha Purnima around the world
2025 Various May 5, May 11, May 12, Jun 11
BangladeshMon, May 12National Holiday
CambodiaMon, May 5National Holiday
India May 12
Arunachal PradeshMon, May 12Regional Holiday
AssamMon, May 12Regional Holiday
BiharMon, May 12Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhMon, May 12Regional Holiday
DelhiMon, May 12Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshMon, May 12Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirMon, May 12Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirMon, May 12Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshMon, May 12Regional Holiday
MaharashtraMon, May 12Regional Holiday
MizoramMon, May 12Regional Holiday
SikkimMon, May 12Regional Holiday
TripuraMon, May 12Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshMon, May 12Regional Holiday
UttarakhandMon, May 12Regional Holiday
West BengalMon, May 12Regional Holiday
LaoMon, May 5National Holiday
MacauMon, May 5National Holiday
MongoliaWed, Jun 11National Holiday
MyanmarSun, May 11National Holiday
NepalMon, May 12National Holiday
SingaporeMon, May 12National Holiday
ThailandSun, May 11National Holiday
2024 Various May 15, May 22, May 23
BangladeshWed, May 22National Holiday
CambodiaWed, May 22National Holiday
India May 23
Arunachal PradeshThu, May 23Regional Holiday
AssamThu, May 23Regional Holiday
BiharThu, May 23Regional Holiday
ChandigarhThu, May 23Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhThu, May 23Regional Holiday
DelhiThu, May 23Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshThu, May 23Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirThu, May 23Regional Holiday
JharkhandThu, May 23Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshThu, May 23Regional Holiday
MaharashtraThu, May 23Regional Holiday
MizoramThu, May 23Regional Holiday
OdishaThu, May 23Regional Holiday
RajasthanThu, May 23Regional Holiday
TripuraThu, May 23Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshThu, May 23Regional Holiday
UttarakhandThu, May 23Regional Holiday
West BengalThu, May 23Regional Holiday
MacauWed, May 15National Holiday
MongoliaThu, May 23National Holiday
MyanmarWed, May 22National Holiday
NepalThu, May 23National Holiday
SingaporeWed, May 22National Holiday
ThailandWed, May 22National Holiday
2023 Various May 3, May 4, May 5, May 26, Jun 2, Jun 3, Jun 4, Jun 5
BangladeshThu, May 4National Holiday
CambodiaThu, May 4National Holiday
India May 5, Jun 4
SikkimSun, Jun 4Regional Holiday
Arunachal PradeshFri, May 5Regional Holiday
AssamFri, May 5Regional Holiday
ChandigarhFri, May 5Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhFri, May 5Regional Holiday
DelhiFri, May 5Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshFri, May 5Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirFri, May 5Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirFri, May 5Regional Holiday
JharkhandFri, May 5Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshFri, May 5Regional Holiday
MaharashtraFri, May 5Regional Holiday
MizoramFri, May 5Regional Holiday
OdishaFri, May 5Regional Holiday
TelanganaFri, May 5Regional Holiday
TripuraFri, May 5Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshFri, May 5Regional Holiday
UttarakhandFri, May 5Regional Holiday
West BengalFri, May 5Regional Holiday
LaoFri, May 5National Holiday
MacauFri, May 26National Holiday
MongoliaSun, Jun 4National Holiday
MyanmarWed, May 3National Holiday
NepalFri, May 5National Holiday
SingaporeFri, Jun 2National Holiday
Thailand Jun 3, Jun 5
ThailandMon, Jun 5National Holiday (in lieu)
ThailandSat, Jun 3National Holiday
2022 Various May 8, May 9, May 14, May 15, May 16, Jun 14
BangladeshMon, May 16National Holiday
CambodiaSun, May 15National Holiday
India May 16, Jun 14
SikkimTue, Jun 14Regional Holiday
Arunachal PradeshMon, May 16Regional Holiday
AssamMon, May 16Regional Holiday
ChandigarhMon, May 16Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhMon, May 16Regional Holiday
DelhiMon, May 16Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshMon, May 16Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirMon, May 16Regional Holiday
JharkhandMon, May 16Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshMon, May 16Regional Holiday
MaharashtraMon, May 16Regional Holiday
MizoramMon, May 16Regional Holiday
OdishaMon, May 16Regional Holiday
TripuraMon, May 16Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshMon, May 16Regional Holiday
UttarakhandMon, May 16Regional Holiday
West BengalMon, May 16Regional Holiday
Macau May 8, May 9
MacauMon, May 9Government Holiday (in lieu)
MacauSun, May 8National Holiday
MongoliaTue, Jun 14National Holiday
MyanmarSat, May 14National Holiday
NepalMon, May 16National Holiday
SingaporeMon, May 16National Holiday (in lieu)
ThailandMon, May 16National Holiday
2021 Various Apr 26, May 19, May 25, May 26
BangladeshWed, May 26National Holiday
CambodiaMon, Apr 26National Holiday
India May 26
Arunachal PradeshWed, May 26Regional Holiday
AssamWed, May 26Regional Holiday
BiharWed, May 26Regional Holiday
ChandigarhWed, May 26Regional Holiday
ChhattisgarhWed, May 26Regional Holiday
DelhiWed, May 26Regional Holiday
Himachal PradeshWed, May 26Regional Holiday
Jammu and KashmirWed, May 26Regional Holiday
JharkhandWed, May 26Regional Holiday
Madhya PradeshWed, May 26Regional Holiday
MaharashtraWed, May 26Regional Holiday
MizoramWed, May 26Regional Holiday
SikkimWed, May 26Regional Holiday
TripuraWed, May 26Regional Holiday
Uttar PradeshWed, May 26Regional Holiday
UttarakhandWed, May 26Regional Holiday
West BengalWed, May 26Regional Holiday
LaoWed, May 26National Holiday
MacauWed, May 19National Holiday
MongoliaWed, May 26National Holiday
MyanmarTue, May 25National Holiday
NepalWed, May 26National Holiday
SingaporeWed, May 26National Holiday
ThailandWed, May 26National Holiday

Marks three key events in Buddhas life - his birthday, the enlightenment and his achievement of Nirvana

  Which countries observe Buddha Purnima in 2025?
National Holiday Regional Holiday Not a public holiday Govt Holiday

When is Buddha Purnima?

Buddha Purnima is the most sacred day in the Buddhist calendar. It is the most important festival of the Buddhists and is celebrated with great enthusiasm.

The exact date of Vesak is the first full moon in the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. The date varies from year to year in the Gregorian calendar but is typically in May.

Followers of Buddhism have been celebrating Buddhist festivals for centuries, but the decision to celebrate this day formally was only taken at the first conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists held in Sri Lanka in 1950. 

Although Buddhists regard every full moon as sacred, the moon of the month of Vaisakh has special significance because on this day the Buddha was born, attained enlightenment (nirvana), and attained parinirvana (nirvana-after-death of the body) when he died.

Traditions of Buddha Purnima

Shakyamuni Buddha, the historical founder of Buddhism, was born in what is present-day Nepal over 3,000 years ago. There are various opinions concerning the exact dates of his birth and death, but according to Buddhist tradition, he is said to have been born April 8, 1029 BC and died on February 15, 949 BC, although other Buddhist scholars place his birth five hundred years later.

His mother, Maya, was the wife of Suddhodana, king of the Shakya clan. According to Buddhist lore, when she conceived, the queen dreamed that an auspicious white elephant entered her womb. A number of texts recount the child’s miraculous birth, detailing how the baby was received by the gods Indra and Brahma, and took seven steps soon after he was born. He is then believed to have received a cleansing bath from the gods, or dragon kings, depending on the country or culture where the legend originated.

Even though many Buddhists observe Buddha's historical birth on 8th April, the exact date remains in question. Although modern archaeological and historical research confirms that Prince Siddartha Gotama lived around this time.

On Buddha Purnima, people dress in white clothes and give out kheer (a rice pudding) as, according to legend, a woman named Sujata once offered Gautam Buddha kheer on his birthday and it has since become a tradition.

The dharmacakra or dharma wheel is a symbol often seen during Vesak. It is a wooden wheel with eight spokes. The wheel represents Buddha's teaching on the path to enlightenment. The eight spokes symbolize the noble eightfold path of Buddhism.

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