Buddha Day in Mongolia in 2025

  How long until Buddha Day?
Buddha Day
  Dates of Buddha Day in Mongolia
2025 Mongolia Wed, Jun 11 National Holiday
2024 Mongolia Thu, May 23 National Holiday
2023 Mongolia Sun, Jun 4 National Holiday
2022 Mongolia Tue, Jun 14 National Holiday
2021 Mongolia Wed, May 26 National Holiday

Marks three key events in Buddhas life - his birthday, the enlightenment and his achievement of Nirvana

  Buddha Day in other countries
Buddha Day internationally

Buddha Day in Mongolia

In December 2019, the Mongolian Parliament approved a bill on amendments to Law on Public Holidays, submitted by Parliament members.

The amendment establishes the Buddha day or the birth, enlightenment and death of Gautama Buddha, which falls on the 15th of the first month of summer each year, according to Buddhist calendar, as a public holiday.

During the discussion, parliament members pointed out that the Buddha Day should be celebrated as a day to encourage compassion, empathy and kindness and promote love for mother nature, parents and family.

When is Buddha Purnima?

Buddha Purnima is the most sacred day in the Buddhist calendar. It is the most important festival of the Buddhists and is celebrated with great enthusiasm.

The exact date of Vesak is the first full moon in the fourth month in the Chinese lunar calendar. The date varies from year to year in the Gregorian calendar but is typically in May.

Followers of Buddhism have been celebrating Buddhist festivals for centuries, but the decision to celebrate this day formally was only taken at the first conference of the World Fellowship of Buddhists held in Sri Lanka in 1950. 

Although Buddhists regard every full moon as sacred, the moon of the month of Vaisakh has special significance because on this day the Buddha was born, attained enlightenment (nirvana), and attained parinirvana (nirvana-after-death of the body) when he died.

Traditions of Buddha Purnima

Shakyamuni Buddha, the historical founder of Buddhism, was born in what is present-day Nepal over 3,000 years ago. There are various opinions concerning the exact dates of his birth and death, but according to Buddhist tradition, he is said to have been born April 8, 1029 BC and died on February 15, 949 BC, although other Buddhist scholars place his birth five hundred years later.

His mother, Maya, was the wife of Suddhodana, king of the Shakya clan. According to Buddhist lore, when she conceived, the queen dreamed that an auspicious white elephant entered her womb. A number of texts recount the child’s miraculous birth, detailing how the baby was received by the gods Indra and Brahma, and took seven steps soon after he was born. He is then believed to have received a cleansing bath from the gods, or dragon kings, depending on the country or culture where the legend originated.

Even though many Buddhists observe Buddha's historical birth on 8th April, the exact date remains in question. Although modern archaeological and historical research confirms that Prince Siddartha Gotama lived around this time.

On Buddha Purnima, people dress in white clothes and give out kheer (a rice pudding) as, according to legend, a woman named Sujata once offered Gautam Buddha kheer on his birthday and it has since become a tradition.

The dharmacakra or dharma wheel is a symbol often seen during Vesak. It is a wooden wheel with eight spokes. The wheel represents Buddha's teaching on the path to enlightenment. The eight spokes symbolize the noble eightfold path of Buddhism.

Buddha Day in Mongolia

On this day, chanting, praying, and teaching sessions, Buddhist rituals and ceremonies, a parade of Buddhist believers, and meditation take place at Sukhbaatar Square as well as in Buddhist monasteries, including the Gandantegchinlen Monastery, the centre of Mongolian Buddhists. The events are broadcasted live on "Buddha" TV and live-streamed online.

There are about 200 Buddhist temples in Mongolia and a monastic sangha of around 300 to 500 Mongolian monks and nuns. According to the 2010 National Census, among Mongolians aged 15 and above, 53% were Buddhists.

Translate this page