Martin luther posting his 95 theses in 1517 by Ferdinand Willem Pauwels, 1872
When is Reformation Day?
How long until Reformation Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 165 Days.|
Dates of Reformation Day
Who observes Day of Reformation?
|Est. in 2008. Celebrated on Oct 31, but moved to the preceding Friday if it falls on a Tuesday, or to the following Friday if it falls on a Wednesday|
This holiday is celebrated on 31st October, except in Chile when it may be moved to a Friday based on the day of the week it falls on.
History of Reformation Day
It commemorates the day in 1517 when a German monk named Martin Luther (1483-1546) strode up to the church in Wittenburg and nailed his 95 'theses' (or propositions) to the church door.
Luther's intention when posting his theses was to highlight the practice of indulgences in the Roman Catholic Church. Indulgences were pardons from sin that could be bought, meaning that those who were rich enough could buy forgiveness for all manner of sins.
Luther had hoped that pinning his protestations would spark wider debate and harden public opinion against the practice.
However, so many people agreed with his ideas that they quickly spread across western Europe, helped by the recent invention of the printing press, leading to the religious revolt known as the Reformation.
The reformation led many Christians to break off from the Roman Catholic Church and establish new, independent churches of their own, such as the Lutheran Church.
Reformation Day around the world
In Chile, this holiday is called 'Día Nacional de las Iglesias Evangélicas y Protestantes' and was established as a holiday in 2008. It is usually celebrated on 31st October, but moved to the preceding Friday if it falls on a Tuesday, or to the following Friday if it falls on a Wednesday
Reformation Day has been a civic holiday in Slovenia since 1992. Despite Slovenia being a predominantly Roman Catholic country, the reformation is celebrated as the protestant movement is seen as a key event in the cultural history of Slovenia, particularly in the areas of political reform and literature.
In Germany the day is called 'Reformationstag' and may also be known as 'Luther’s Theses Day'. It is observed as a regional holiday in Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Lower Saxony, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia.
More than half of Germany's 16 federal states have now declared Reformation Day a public holiday as Bremen, Lower Saxony, Schleswig-Holstein and Hamburg will observe Reformation Day from 2018 to balance out the number of public holidays that each German state enjoys.
October 31st is observed by most Protestant denominations as Reformation Day, and the preceding Sunday is known as Reformation Sunday.
In 2017, 31 October was a public holiday in all of Germany to mark the 500th anniversary of the posting of the theses. Those German states which do not celebrate the Reformation Day as a holiday have passed adequate legislation or made regulations.