Taufa’ahau Tupou I, King of Tonga taken on 26 July 1884. Photo: National Library of New Zealand.
When is King Tupou I Day?
How long until Tupou I Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 50 Days.|
Dates of Tupou I Day
|Marks the coronation of King Tupou I on 4 December 1845|
King Tupou I Day is a public holiday in Tonga, observed on 4 December.
The day may be moved to a nearby Monday depending on what day of the week it falls on. The holiday marks the start of the reign of King Tupou I on 4 December 1845.
History of King Tupou I Day
King George (Siaosi) Taufa’ahau Tupou I was Tonga's first Christian King and he is seen as a key figure in the foundation of Modern Tonga.
Tupou was born around 1797. 4 December is said to be his birthday, but that is not definitive and may have been assumed from the public holiday which as mentioned, celebrates his ascension to the Tongan throne in 1845.
Tupou adopted the name Siaosi, the Tongan version of George, after King George III of the United Kingdom, when he was baptized in 1831.
He was declared King in 1845 following a consolidation of the various tribes that ruled over the area of Tonga. Tupou's legacy is his help in spreading Christianity across the Pacific and his leadership in avoiding foreign domination from European nations. Despite a close relationship with Britain, Tonga never relinquished its sovereignty unlike many other countries in the region.
Tupou passed away at the age of 96 in 1893 after catching a cold.