Independence Day in Poland in 2021



  How long until Independence Day?
Independence Day
  Dates of Independence Day in Poland
2022 Poland Fri, Nov 11 Bank Holiday
2021 Poland Thu, Nov 11 Bank Holiday
2020 Poland Wed, Nov 11 Bank Holiday
2019 Poland Mon, Nov 11 Bank Holiday
2018 Nov 11, Nov 12
PolandMon, Nov 12Bank Holiday
PolandSun, Nov 11Bank Holiday
  Summary

Commemorates the anniversary of Poland's assumption of independent statehood in 1918.

  Local name
Narodowe Święto Niepodległości

When is Polish Independence Day?

This holiday is always celebrated annually on November 11th.

In Polish, it is known as 'Narodowe Święto Niepodległości'.

History of Polish Independence Day

Polish Independence Day commemorates the re-establishment of the state of Poland at the end of the first world war in 1918.

For 123 years prior to 1918, Poland had been partitioned under the rule of Prussia, Austria, and Russia.

On November 11th 1918, the day that the first world war ended, this partition was removed and Poland was granted its independence.

On this date, the Polish Military Organisation’s secret departments demobilized soldiers and legionnaires disarmed the Germans in Warsaw and other Polish towns. The Regency Government appointed Józef Piłsudski as commander in chief over the Polish forces and three days later he was given complete civil control. He formed a new centralized government, which on November 21st issued key measures including a manifesto of agricultural reforms. Piłsudski also brought in more favourable conditions for the workers and called parliamentary elections.

November 11th was announced a national holiday in 1937. In 1945, when Poland became a communist regime as a result of the Yalta conference, at the request of Stalin following the end of the second world war, the holiday was abolished.

In 1989, following the collapse of the Communist government fell, Independence Day was reinstated as a national holiday.

How is Polish Independence Day Celebrated?

Celebrations across the country will include firework displays, concerts and parades. It is also a time for family reunions.

Independence Day is an official public holiday in Poland, so schools, banks, government offices, and most private businesses are closed. There is a trade prohibition on public holidays in Poland, so most shops are closed. If you are intending to travel via public transport during a public holiday, check with the public transit authorities for any changes to time schedules.

Did you know?

Three facts about Independence Day

In Poland, your 'Name Day' (imieniny) is considered a more important day than your birthday.

Reputedly the oldest restaurant in Europe, Piwnica Swidnicka, opened its doors in Wroclaw in 1275.

Italy and Poland are the only two countries who mention each other in their respective national anthems.

More facts about Independence Day

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