Polish Facts

Facts about Poland

Polish Independence Day

When is Poland Independence Day?

This holiday is celebrated annually on 11 November and marks the re-establishment of the state of Poland at the end of World War I in 1918.

To celebrate the independence of Poland, here are some interesting facts about Poland.

12 Facts about Independence Day

In Poland, your 'Name Day' (imieniny) is considered a more important day than your birthday.

The name 'Poland' derives from the name of a tribe called Polanie. This tribe used to live in the western part of modern-day Poland, and meant 'people from the open fields'.

A Polish state and the name Poland dates back to the year 966 during the reign of Mieszko I. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025.

The Castle of the Teutonic Order in Malbork is the largest castle in the world by area.

From 1795 Poland did not exist as a country for 123 years.

The Polish constitution of 1791 was the first in Europe, and second in the world after the American Constitution of 1789.

Reputedly the oldest restaurant in Europe, Piwnica Swidnicka, opened its doors in Wroclaw in 1275.

The most common pet name for a dog in Poland is 'Burek' which is the Polish word for a brown-grey colour.

Poland is the most religious country in Europe. 90% of the people say they are Roman Catholic.

Polish is the second most widely spoken Slavic language, after Russian.

Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was the first person to propose that the Earth was not the centre of the Universe.

Poland is the leading producer of amber in the world, with over 70% of the market share.


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