Beginning of Ramadan in Malaysia in 2021

Beginning of Ramadan in Malaysia in 2021

  How long until Beginning of Ramadan?
This holiday next takes place in 200 days.
  Dates of Beginning of Ramadan in Malaysia
2022 Apr 3
JohorSun, Apr 3Regional Holiday
KedahSun, Apr 3Regional Holiday
MelakaSun, Apr 3Regional Holiday
2021 Apr 13
JohorTue, Apr 13Regional Holiday
KedahTue, Apr 13Regional Holiday
MelakaTue, Apr 13Regional Holiday
2020 Apr 24
JohorFri, Apr 24Regional Holiday
KedahFri, Apr 24Regional Holiday
MelakaFri, Apr 24Regional Holiday
2019 May 6
JohorMon, May 6Regional Holiday
KedahMon, May 6Regional Holiday
MelakaMon, May 6Regional Holiday
2018 May 17
JohorThu, May 17Regional Holiday
KedahThu, May 17Regional Holiday
MelakaThu, May 17Regional Holiday
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. It is during this month that Muslims fast
  Beginning of Ramadan in other countries
Beginning of Ramadan internationally
  Which regions observe Ramadan in 2021?
  JohorApr 13Regional Holiday
  KedahApr 13Regional Holiday
  MelakaApr 13Regional Holiday

Beginning of Ramadan in Malaysia

The start of Ramadan (Awal Ramadan) is a public holiday in the Johor, Kedah and Melaka regions of Malaysia.

When is Ramadan?

Ramadan is the ninth month* of the Muslim calendar.

The date of Ramadan in the Gregorian calendar moves forward about 11 days each year due to the different lengths of the Islamic and Gregorian years. It is during the month of Ramadan that Muslims fast.

The Fast of Ramadan

The Fast of Ramadan lasts the entire month, which can be 29 or 30 days, depending on sightings of the moon.

Ramadan is a time when Muslims concentrate on their faith and spend less time on the concerns of their everyday lives. It is a time of worship and contemplation.

During the Fast of Ramadan strict restraints are placed on the daily lives of Muslims. They are not allowed to eat or drink during the daylight hours. Smoking and sexual relations are also forbidden during fasting.

How can Ramadan affect working hours?

Muslims can eat a pre-dawn meal (usually including protein and fats) known as suhur to sustain them during the day. Once the fast begins, even taking a sip of water is seen as breaking the fast.

At the end of each day, the fast is broken with prayer and a meal called the iftar. In the evening following the iftar, it is customary for Muslims to go out visiting family and friends. The fast is resumed the next morning.

There are some exemptions to fasting for health reasons. Pregnant, breastfeeding and menstruating women are exempt from the fast. The ill, children and the elderly are also not required to participate.

In 2017, a Palestinian judge banned divorce during Ramadan because "people make hasty decisions when they're hungry".

Ramadan is also a time to consider those less fortunate. Many Muslims will donate money to charities, while others distribute iftar meals to low-paid workers and the homeless. It is believed that good deeds done during Ramadan are rewarded many times over.

During Ramadan, it is common for Muslims to go to the Masjid (Mosque) and spend several hours praying and studying the Quran. In addition to the five daily prayers, during Ramadan, Muslims recite a special prayer called the 'Taraweeh prayer' (Night Prayer). The length of this prayer is usually 2-3 times as long as the daily prayers. Some Muslims spend the entire night in prayer. Some Mosques will attempt to complete one of 30 juz, or sections, of the Quran every evening.

The last ten days of Ramadan are seen as the most auspicious and is a time of intense worship, during which many will perform additional prayers. Some will also perform itikaf, when they stay in the mosque for at least one whole day.

The holiday of Eid al-Fitr, which means "festival of breaking the fast", marks the end of Ramadan and the start of the next lunar month, Shawwal. This day is declared when the crescent new moon has been sighted or if sighting of the moon is not possible due to the weather.

Eid al-Fitr marks the completion of 30 days of fasting and is celebrated across the Islamic world with public holidays lasting for several days.

The Islamic Calendar

*The Islamic calendar is based on the moon (Lunar) , while the solar calendar is based on the sun (Solar). The solar calendar months are made of 30 or 31 days except for February. The Lunar calendar months are made of 29 or 30 days. Ramadan can, therefore, last for either 29 days or 30 days.)

The start and end of the month is based on a combination of physical sightings of the moon and astronomical calculations. The practice varies from place to place, some places relying heavily on sighting reports and others totally on calculations. In the United States, most communities follow the decision of the Islamic Society of North America, which accepts bona fide sightings of the new moon anywhere in the United States as determining the start and end of the month.

With the Islamic lunar calendar, being 11 to 12 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar migrates throughout the seasons. The entire cycle takes around 35 years. In this way, the length of the day, and thus the fasting period, varies in length from place to place over the years. Every Muslim, no matter where he or she lives, will see an average Ramadan day of the approximately 13.5 hours.

Working during Ramadan in Malaysia

The first day of Ramadan is a public holiday in the states of Malacca, Johor and Kedah. Most offices will close at least an hour early during the month and there is often very heavy traffic on the roads as everyone heads home to prepare for the day’s breaking of fast (iftar).

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