Ramadan around the world in 2021

Ramadan around the world in 2021

  Dates of Ramadan around the world
2022 Various Apr 3
AfghanistanSun, Apr 3National Holiday
BruneiSun, Apr 3National Holiday
Malaysia Apr 3
JohorSun, Apr 3Regional Holiday
KedahSun, Apr 3Regional Holiday
MelakaSun, Apr 3Regional Holiday
MaldivesSun, Apr 3National Holiday
PakistanSun, Apr 3Not A Public Holiday
2021 Various Apr 13
AfghanistanTue, Apr 13National Holiday
BruneiTue, Apr 13National Holiday
Malaysia Apr 13
JohorTue, Apr 13Regional Holiday
KedahTue, Apr 13Regional Holiday
MelakaTue, Apr 13Regional Holiday
MaldivesTue, Apr 13National Holiday
2020 Various Apr 24
AfghanistanFri, Apr 24National Holiday
BruneiFri, Apr 24National Holiday
Malaysia Apr 24
JohorFri, Apr 24Regional Holiday
KedahFri, Apr 24Regional Holiday
MelakaFri, Apr 24Regional Holiday
MaldivesFri, Apr 24National Holiday
PakistanFri, Apr 24Not A Public Holiday
2019 Various May 5, May 6
AfghanistanMon, May 6National Holiday
BruneiMon, May 6National Holiday
Malaysia May 6
JohorMon, May 6Regional Holiday
KedahMon, May 6Regional Holiday
MelakaMon, May 6Regional Holiday
MaldivesSun, May 5National Holiday
2018 Various May 16, May 17
AfghanistanWed, May 16National Holiday
BruneiThu, May 17National Holiday
Malaysia May 17
JohorThu, May 17Regional Holiday
KedahThu, May 17Regional Holiday
MelakaThu, May 17Regional Holiday
Maldives May 16, May 17
MaldivesThu, May 17National Holiday
MaldivesWed, May 16National Holiday
PakistanThu, May 17Not A Public Holiday
Ramadan is the ninth month of the Muslim calendar. It is during this month that Muslims fast
  Which countries observe Ramadan in 2021?
  AfghanistanApr 13National Holiday
  BruneiApr 13National Holiday
  MalaysiaApr 13Regional Holiday
  MaldivesApr 13National Holiday

When is Ramadan?

Ramadan is the ninth month* of the Muslim calendar.

The date of Ramadan in the Gregorian calendar moves forward about 11 days each year due to the different lengths of the Islamic and Gregorian years. It is during the month of Ramadan that Muslims fast.

The Fast of Ramadan

The Fast of Ramadan lasts the entire month, which can be 29 or 30 days, depending on sightings of the moon.

Ramadan is a time when Muslims concentrate on their faith and spend less time on the concerns of their everyday lives. It is a time of worship and contemplation.

During the Fast of Ramadan strict restraints are placed on the daily lives of Muslims. They are not allowed to eat or drink during the daylight hours. Smoking and sexual relations are also forbidden during fasting.

How can Ramadan affect working hours?

Muslims can eat a pre-dawn meal (usually including protein and fats) known as suhur to sustain them during the day. Once the fast begins, even taking a sip of water is seen as breaking the fast.

At the end of each day, the fast is broken with prayer and a meal called the iftar. In the evening following the iftar, it is customary for Muslims to go out visiting family and friends. The fast is resumed the next morning.

There are some exemptions to fasting for health reasons. Pregnant, breastfeeding and menstruating women are exempt from the fast. The ill, children and the elderly are also not required to participate.

In 2017, a Palestinian judge banned divorce during Ramadan because "people make hasty decisions when they're hungry".

Ramadan is also a time to consider those less fortunate. Many Muslims will donate money to charities, while others distribute iftar meals to low-paid workers and the homeless. It is believed that good deeds done during Ramadan are rewarded many times over.

During Ramadan, it is common for Muslims to go to the Masjid (Mosque) and spend several hours praying and studying the Quran. In addition to the five daily prayers, during Ramadan, Muslims recite a special prayer called the 'Taraweeh prayer' (Night Prayer). The length of this prayer is usually 2-3 times as long as the daily prayers. Some Muslims spend the entire night in prayer. Some Mosques will attempt to complete one of 30 juz, or sections, of the Quran every evening.

The last ten days of Ramadan are seen as the most auspicious and is a time of intense worship, during which many will perform additional prayers. Some will also perform itikaf, when they stay in the mosque for at least one whole day.

The holiday of Eid al-Fitr, which means "festival of breaking the fast", marks the end of Ramadan and the start of the next lunar month, Shawwal. This day is declared when the crescent new moon has been sighted or if sighting of the moon is not possible due to the weather.

Eid al-Fitr marks the completion of 30 days of fasting and is celebrated across the Islamic world with public holidays lasting for several days.

The Islamic Calendar

*The Islamic calendar is based on the moon (Lunar) , while the solar calendar is based on the sun (Solar). The solar calendar months are made of 30 or 31 days except for February. The Lunar calendar months are made of 29 or 30 days. Ramadan can, therefore, last for either 29 days or 30 days.)

The start and end of the month is based on a combination of physical sightings of the moon and astronomical calculations. The practice varies from place to place, some places relying heavily on sighting reports and others totally on calculations. In the United States, most communities follow the decision of the Islamic Society of North America, which accepts bona fide sightings of the new moon anywhere in the United States as determining the start and end of the month.

With the Islamic lunar calendar, being 11 to 12 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar migrates throughout the seasons. The entire cycle takes around 35 years. In this way, the length of the day, and thus the fasting period, varies in length from place to place over the years. Every Muslim, no matter where he or she lives, will see an average Ramadan day of the approximately 13.5 hours.

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