Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti in West Bengal in 2020

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti in West Bengal in 2020
  How long until Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti?
This holiday next takes place in 127 days.
  Dates of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti in West Bengal
2021 Sat, Jan 23Regional Holiday
2020 Thu, Jan 23Regional Holiday
2019 Wed, Jan 23Regional Holiday
2018 Tue, Jan 23Regional Holiday
2017 Mon, Jan 23Regional Holiday
  Summary
Subhas Chandra Bose was an Indian nationalist who attempted to rid India of British rule in WW2

When is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti?

This regional public holiday is observed in several north-eastern Indian states on 23 January.

It marks the birthday of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose, who is seen as a prominent figure in India's struggle for freedom.

History of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Jayanti

Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose was born in Currack, Orissa on 23 January 1897. After completing his degree in Philosophy in Calcutta, he was sent to England to study for the Civil Services exams.

In 1921, he returned to India, where his fervent patriotism led to him to him being considered a rebel by the British authorities.

Bose became a leader of the youth wing of the Indian National Congress in the late 1920s, becoming Congress President in 1938 and 1939. He left Congress leadership positions in 1939 due to his differences with Mahatma Gandhi and the Congress high command. He was subsequently placed under house arrest by the British before escaping from India in 1940.

In 1942, during the Second World War, he formed the Indian National Army in Southeast Asia, composed of Indian soldiers of the British Indian army who had been captured in the Battle of Singapore. Netaji established a provisional government of Free India or Azad Hind in 1943 in Andaman and Nicobar, which had been captured by Japanese forces.

Did you know?

The term 'Netaji' is Hindustani for 'Respected Leader' and was first given to Bose by Indian soldiers in 1945.

On 18 August 1945, Netaji is said to have died from third-degree burns sustained after his plane crashed in Taiwan. Due to the circumstances of his death, the Government of India has set up a number of committees to investigate the case.

Since then, his life and legacy is seen as an inspiration to generations of young Indians and Netaji Jayanti is an opportunity to celebrate his role in India's freedom movement.

In January 2018, West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee  said in a tweet that she has written a letter to Prime Minister Narendra Modi about making Netaji's birthday a national holiday. "Swami Vivekananda and Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose are national and international icons. I have written a letter to the PM urging the GOI to declare both their birthdays as national holidays," she tweeted.

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