Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day in Czech Republic in 2019

Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day in Czech Republic in 2019
  How long until Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day?
This holiday next takes place in 56 days.
  Dates of Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day in Czech Republic
2021 Czech Republic Wed, Nov 17 National Holiday
2020 Czech Republic Tue, Nov 17 National Holiday
2019 Czech Republic Sun, Nov 17 National Holiday
2018 Czech Republic Sat, Nov 17 National Holiday
2017 Czech Republic Fri, Nov 17 National Holiday
  Summary
Commemorating the student demonstration against Nazi occupation in 1939, and especially the demonstration in 1989 in Prague considered to mark the beginning of the Velvet Revolution
  Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day in other countries
Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day internationally

Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day in Czech Republic

In the Czech Republic, this national holiday may also be known as the 'National Day of Freedom.

When is Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day?

This public holiday is always celebrated on 17 November in the Czech Republic and Slovakia.

History of Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day

The Twentieth century was a tumultuous time for both these countries. Indeed, until 1993 they were both part of the same country - Czechoslovakia.

During that time, they had to endure occupation by the Nazis during World War II and following that, the country was under communist rule until 1989.

During both regimes, it was students who lead protests and this day essentially celebrates the political role of students. 17 November is sometimes referred to as World Students Day.

The date of 17 November commemorates the 1939 Nazi storming of the University of Prague following demonstrations against the occupation of Czechoslovakia. It led to the execution of nine student leaders and over 1200 students were sent to concentration camps.

In 1989 a memorial march to mark the 50th anniversary of the student revolt was organized. In the following days, protests grew into non-violent strikes at first involving students and later all citizens of Czechoslovakia. This became known as the Velvet Revolution and marked the beginning to the end of the communist regime in the country.

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