Pentecost / Shavuot in Israel

National and Public Holidays in Israel National Holiday in Israel

Pentecost is a public holiday in Israel celebrated 49 days after Passover

When is Pentecost?

How long until Pentecost ?
This holiday next takes place in 46 Days.
Dates of Pentecost
Year Weekday Date
2020 Sunday May 31st
2019 Monday June 10th
2018 Sunday May 20th
2017 Wednesday May 31st
2016 Sunday June 12th
Local Name
1 Day
Shavuot is one of the three Biblical pilgrimage festivals. Also known as the Feast of Weeks
Related holiday
National and Public Holidays in Israel Passover

Pentecost, or Shavuot, ('seven weeks') (pronounced: shah-voo-OH-t) is one of the three Biblical pilgrimage festivals.

It is a major Jewish holiday, and is also known as the 'Feast of Weeks'. Greek-speaking Jews gave it the name Pentecost since it occurs fifty days after Passover.

If you don't count Passover, the holiday is 49 days after Passover, which is a jubilee of days. This ends the Counting of the Omer.

Traditions of Pentecost

Shavuot celebrates the wheat harvest as described in the book of Exodus:

Exodus 34:22 You shall observe the festival of weeks, the first fruits of wheat harvest, and the festival of ingathering at the turn of the year.

The festival also celebrates the revelation of the Five Books of the Torah by God to Moses and to the nation of Israel at Mount Sinai, seven weeks after their Exodus from Egypt.

As Shavuot has these different aspects, it has been called by many names. In the Hebrew Bible it is called the "Feast of Harvest" (Hebrew: חג הקציר, Hag ha-Katsir; Ex. xxiii. 16) and the "Feast of Weeks" (Hebrew: חג שבעות, Hag Shavuot; ib. xxxiv. 22; Deut. xvi. 10), also the "Day of the First-Fruits" (Hebrew יום הבכורים, Yom ha-Bikkurim; Num. xxviii. 26).

Local customs include displaying greens on the floors and of otherwise decorating the home and the synagogue with plants, flowers, and even with trees.

The greens serve to remind one of the green mountain of Sinai; the trees, of the judgment day for fruit-trees on Pentecost; they also commemorate the harvest festival of former times.

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