Guru Gobind Singh's Birthday

National and Public Holidays in India Regional Holiday in India

Guru Gobind Singh creates the Khalsa
The creation of the Khalsa; initiated by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth Sikh Guru via Wikipedia.

When is Guru Gobind Singh Jayanti?

Year Day Date Regions
2020 Saturday February 1st Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarkhand
2019 Sunday January 13th Bihar, Haryana, Punjab, Rajasthan
2018 Friday January 5th Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarkhand
2017 Monday December 25th Haryana
2017 Thursday January 5th Bihar, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Punjab
2016 Saturday January 16th Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan

Guru Gobind Singh, the last of the ten Sikh Gurus, was born on 22 December, 1666 in Patna, Bihar, India.

Unlike many of the other gurus, there is no argument over the date of the birthday of Gobind Singh, but nonetheless, as the original western calendar date was set using the Julian calendar in 1666, there can be some confusion on the date it is celebrated.

The date translates to 1st January in the Gregorian calendar, but the holiday is observed on the date in the Hindu calendar - Saptami, Paush, Shukla Paksha, 1723 Vikram Samvat.

To further complicate matters, the Nanakshahi calendar fixed the birthday on 5th January, subsequently updating it to 6th January.

For 2017, the government of Bihar state declared a three-day public holiday to mark the 350th Prakash Parv. Currently it is restricted to Patna but may be extended to the entire state.

History of Guru Gobind Singh's Birthday

Gobind Singh was the tenth of the Sikh Gurus. Following the death of his father, Guru Tegh Bahadur, Gobind Singh became the leader of the Sikhs when he was only nine years old.

Famed as a warrior, poet and philosopher. His contributions to Sikhism were many including the tradition of covering one's hair with a turban.

On Vaisakhi in 1699, He initiated the Khalsa order, the highest order that can be reached by Sikhs. Khalsa must abide by four restrictions; Not to disturb the natural growth of the hairs, not to eating meat slaughtered in halal manner, not cohabiting with a person other than one's spouse and not using tobacco or a hookah.

Guru Gobind Singh died on 7 October 1708 from wounds inflicted by an assassin.

Guru Gobind Singh was the last of the living Sikh Gurus, as while he was on his deathbed, he passed the Guruship of the Sikhs to the Guru Granth Sahib, the sacred Book of the Sikhs. The Granth Sahib then became the Eleventh and Eternal Sikh Guru.

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