When is Cypriot Independence Day?
How long until Cyprus Independence Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 189 Days.|
Dates of Cyprus Independence Day
|Cyprus became independent from the British in 1960|
This holiday is always celebrated on 1 October. This holiday commemorates independence from Britain on 1 October 1960.
History of Cypriot Independence Day
Following the end of the Russo-Turkish war in 1878, Cyprus was leased to the British Empire and was formally annexed by Britain at the end of the First World War.
Since the time of Ottoman rule, the concept of 'enosis' - a union with Greece had been an ideal held by many Greek Cypriots.
In April 1955, this ideal became a military aim, with the start of the guerilla campaign of the EOKA (Ethniki Organosis Kyprion Agoniston) whose aim was unification with Greece through armed struggle.
The campaign against the British lasted for the next four years. A cease fire was reached in August 1960 and Cyprus attained independence after the Zurich and London Agreement between the United Kingdom, Greece and Turkey.
The Republic of Cyprus came into being on 19 August 1960, and on 20 September, Cyprus joined the United Nations, and the British Commonwealth.
On the stroke of midnight on 1 October 1960, the agreement of independence between United Kingdom, Greece and Turkey came into force and the British governor read a British proclamation declaring the independence of Cyprus.
Archbishop Marakios III, the leader of the island's Greek community became the first President of Cyprus.
How is Cypriot Independence Day Celebrated?
Shops and businesses may be closed. The day is marked by festivals and a military parade in the capital, Nicosia. Infantry and mechanised units from the National Guard, Greek Forces in Cyprus and the Police and the Fire Service all participate in the annual parade.