How long until Independence Day Holiday?
|This holiday next takes place in 261 Days.|
|National Day and public holiday|
|Marks Angola's independence from Portugal in 1975|
This national holiday is celebrated on 11 November each year.
If 11 November falls on a Sunday, the following working day will be a holiday.
The holiday was established to celebrate the anniversary of Angola's independence from Portugal on 11 November 1975. This is Angola's national holiday.
The region now known as Angola was first visited by Europeans by the Portuguese explorer Diogo Cão in 1484. Over the following centuries, the Portuguese established settlements and trading posts along the Angolan coast. It was not until the 20th century that Portuguese control extended to the interior region of Angola.
The first movement towards independence for Angola began in the 1950s with the creation of political groups wanting self-determination for Angola.
The Portuguese regime at the time refused to countenance any moves by it colonies towards independence and the independence movement in Angola was suppressed. This led to an armed guerilla campaign that began in 1961 becoming the Angolan War of Independence. The war only came to an end when a military coup in Portugal in April 1974 overthrew the regime of Estado Novo. The new Portuguese government then called a cease fire and stopped all military action in the African colonies, declaring its intention to grant them independence without delay.
The three main guerrilla groups formed a transitional government in January 1975. Fighting soon broke out between these groups as they vied to gain control of the country. With support from Cuba, one of the groups, the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), took control of Angola's capital, Luanda, and declared independence on 11 November 1975.
Angolan Independence Day is celebrated with festivals, parades, and formal ceremonies across Angola.