When is Victory Day?
Victory Day (Zafer Bayramı) is a national holiday in Turkey, always celebrated on 30 August. It may also be known as Armed Forces Day.
Victory Day commemorates the victory in the Battle of Dumlupınar which was the decisive battle in the Turkish War of Independence in 1922.
It also honours the founder of modern Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk.
Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire at the end of World War I, Turkey was occupied by allied forces.
This led to start of the Turkish War of Independence in 1919, with the Turkish forces led by General Mustafa Kemal.
The battle of Dumlupınar took place in Kütahya province in western Turkey. Although foreign forces didn't leave Turkish soil until the autumn of 1922, 30 August is accepted as the date of the Turkish army’s victory.
The Turkish Republic was proclaimed on 29 October 1923, in the new capital of Ankara. Atatürk was elected as the first President.
Victory Day was first celebrated on 30 August 1923, becoming a national holiday in 1935.
Victory Day is celebrated across Turkey and on northern part of Cyprus and is a celebration of the Turkish military and the Turkish republic.. The main celebration is held at Atatürk's Mausoleum in Ankara.
A ceremony is also held at the War Academy in Istanbul, with all military promotions made on this day, while marches are held in major cities across the country.