National Women's Day

National and public holidays in South Africa National Holiday in South Africa

South Africa

Dates of National Women's Day

Year Weekday Date
2018 Thursday August 9th
2017 Wednesday August 9th
2016 Tuesday August 9th
2015 Sunday August 9th
2014 Saturday August 9th

When is National Women's Day?

National Women's Day is an annual public holiday in South Africa on August 9.

History of National Women's Day

The holiday commemorates the national march of women on this day in 1956 to petition against legislation that required African persons to carry the 'pass'.

The 'pass' was an identification document which restricted a black South African's freedom of movement under apartheid. the pass allowed them to enter 'white' areas. The 'pass' had come into force under the Urban Areas Act (commonly known as the pass laws) of 1950

On August 9, 1956, 20,000 women staged a march to the Union Buildings in Pretoria to protest against proposed amendments to the act. They left petitions containing more than 100,000 signatures at prime minister J.G. Strijdom's office door. They stood silently outside his door for 30 minutes.

The women then sang a protest song that was composed in honour of the occasion: Wathint'Abafazi Wathint'imbokodo! (Now you have touched the women, you have struck a rock.).

How is National Women's Day celebrated?

In the 60 years since, the phrase has come to represent women's courage and strength in South Africa.

In 2006 a reenactment of the march was staged for its 50th anniversary, with many of the 1956 march veterans attending.

The month of August is now dedicated to women and is marked by several government events such as a trade fair for women's crafts and a symposium on labour issues.

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