When is National Heroes Day?
This regular national holiday is celebrated on the last Monday in August. It is known in the Philippines as 'Araw ng mga Bayani'.
It is a day to commemorate Philippines national heroes.
The public holiday was established to celebrate the efforts of all national heroes, even if they were unknown.
In 1995, a year before the centenary of the revolution against Spain, a committee produced the following list of key National Heroes who should be honoured for their contribution to the Philippines:
Two of these heroes, Andres Bonifacio and Jose Rizal were key figures in the fight for independence from Spain that they also have specific national holidays in their honour.
The date chosen is intended to mark the 'Cry of Pugad Lawin' in 1896, which was the first act of insurrection against the Spanish colonisers by the Katipunan, a hitherto secret Filipino revolutionary movement. This is seen as the start of the Philippine revolution and movement towards independence.
The day is marked by parades and the laying of wreaths to honour those who lost their lives in the pursuit of the Philippine nation.