Oman's Sultan's Birthday is celebrated on 19 November. This public holiday celebrates the birthday of the Sultan of Oman, Qaboos bin Said al Said. It is the second day of a two day holiday period as 18 November is also a public holiday to mark Oman's independence from Portugal in 1650.
Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said was born in Dhofar on 18 November 1940. His family, the Al said dynasty has ruled Oman since 1749.
He came to power in Oman on 23 July 1970, after overthrowing his father, Said bin Taimur, in a palace coup.
His father's policies had been seen as corrupt and holding back Oman's economic development. Sultan Qaboos has worked to modernise Oman, using oil revenue to improve infrastructure and build schools, hospitals and roads.
Though he rules as an absolute monarch, Sultan Qaboos has implemented some notable changes such as granting women the right to vote and stand for public office and introducing a written constitution.
Did you know?
The Sultan changed the name of the country in 1971 from Muscat and Oman to the Sultanate of Oman.
As the second day of the National Day festivities, the Sultan's Birthday is marked by many patriotic events across the country. The image of the Sultan will be a common site in towns and villages.