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Awal Muharram 2018

national and public holidays in Malaysia Islamic New Year is a holiday observed in several countries

Awal Muharram or Hijri New Year is celebrated by Muslims as the day symbolises two important events in the Muslim year.

When is Awal Muharram?

Dates of Awal Muharram

Year Weekday Date
2019 Sunday
2018 Tuesday
2017 Friday
2016 Sunday
2015 Wednesday

Who observes Muharam in 2018?

Country Date Known as
Niger Niger 1 Sep Muharam
Algeria Algeria 11 Sep Muharram
Bahrain Bahrain 11 Sep Hijri New Year
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina (regional) 11 Sep Hijri New Year
Brunei Brunei 11 Sep Al-Hijra
Djibouti Djibouti 11 Sep Awal Muharram
Egypt Egypt 11 Sep El Hijra
India India (regional) 11 Sep Muharram
Indonesia Indonesia 11 Sep Muharram
Iraq Iraq 11 Sep Islamic New Year
Jordan Jordan 11 Sep Hijri New Year
Kuwait Kuwait 11 Sep Hijri New Year
Lebanon Lebanon 11 Sep Hijri New Year
Libya Libya 11 Sep Hijri New Year
Malaysia Malaysia 11 Sep Awal Muharram
Maldives Maldives 11 Sep Islamic New Year
Mauritania Mauritania 11 Sep Awal Muharram
Morocco Morocco 11 Sep Fatih Muharram
Niger Niger 11 Sep Muharam
Oman Oman 11 Sep Hijri New Year
Sudan Sudan 11 Sep Islamic New Year
Tunisia Tunisia 11 Sep Ras el am el Hejri
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 11 Sep Hijri New Years Day
Yemen Yemen 11 Sep Hijri New Year

Awal Muharram or Hijri New Year is celebrated by Muslims as the day symbolises two important events in the Islamic year.

Awal means beginning in English and Muharram is the name of the first month in the Muslim calendar. The first day of Muharram is therefore the Islamic New Year's Day and on this date the Hijra, the historic journey from Mecca to Medina began.

The Islamic Calendar

Islam has a calendar based on the revolutions of the Moon rather than the sun. Thus, it is only 354 days long. Islamic New Year is celebrated on the first day of Muharram, the first Islamic month.

Compared to Western calendars, the Islamic year goes backwards by about 11 days every year.

The date shown on this page is the date that most countries will observe. The date in some countries may vary by up to two days, as some countries use a lunar sighting basis to determine the date. Because of this, the offical dates may not be announced until close to the actual day.

Islamic New Year

The date for Islamic New Year in other countries for 2018 along with the name of the day in that country is shown in the table of countries to the right.

The day also coincides with the Hijra, the Prophet's journey from Mecca to Medina on the first of Muharram in 622AD.

To mark the occasion, Muslims attend various religious activities, spiritual singing, religious meetings throughout the country. The traditions and customs for Muharram vary for Shia and Sunni Muslims.

For both, the marking of the beginning of the new year is usually quiet, unlike New Year's celebrations associated with other calendars. It is a time for Muslims to reflect on the passing of time and their own mortality.

To mark Muharram, Muslims will recite Koranic verses and hold special prayers and sermons at public halls and mosques.

The New Year itself is known to Muslims as Maal Hijra.

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