Epiphany in Melilla in 2025

  How long until Epiphany?
  Dates of Epiphany in Melilla
2025 Mon, Jan 6Public Holiday
2024 Sat, Jan 6Public Holiday
2023 Fri, Jan 6Public Holiday
2022 Thu, Jan 6Public Holiday
2021 Wed, Jan 6Public Holiday

A major Christian celebration. Epiphany commemorates the presentation of the infant Jesus to the wise men

  Local name
Epifanía del Señor
  Epiphany in other countries
Epiphany internationally

Epiphany in Spain

Technically Epiphany is not a national holiday in Spain, but has been declared a "regional" holiday in all regions.

When is Epiphany?

Though overshadowed by falling so soon after Christmas, Epiphany is one of the three major Christian celebrations along with Christmas and Easter.

It is always celebrated on January 6th and commemorates the presentation of the infant Jesus to the Magi or the three wise men. In some countries, it may be known as 'Three Kings Day'.

History of Epiphany

Interestingly, the bible doesn't mention how many wise men there were - just that three gifts were given and that they came from the east.

The common consensus is that there were between two and twenty wise men. They were likely to have been Zoroastrian Priests. It wasn't until about 500AD that three was accepted to be the standard number of wise men - the reasoning simply due to the number of gifts.

To further complicate matters, the wise men may not even have been men or wise. In 2004, a report by the general synod of the church of England concluded that 'magi' gives no indication as to number, or gender, or even to the level of wisdom.

The distinct lack of Biblical detail hasn't stopped the Magi being counted, coronated, and christened - the traditional names of the three kings are Melchior, Caspar and Balthazar, who are said to represent Europe, Arabia, and Africa respectively.

Epiphany is derived from the Greek word 'epiphaneia' and means manifestation. In religious use, the term means the appearance of an invisible divine being in a visible form.

The celebration of the Epiphany began in the Eastern Church and included a celebration of Christ's birth. However, by the 4th century AD, the various calendar reforms had moved the birth of Christ to December 25th and the church in Rome began celebrating January 6th as Epiphany. Armenian Orthodox Christians still celebrate the birth of Christ on January 6th as their Church was established before Rome made the date change.

Traditions of Epiphany

On the eve of Three Kings Day, children may go outside and pick up grass and put it in a shoebox under their beds, and then to sleep with the hope that presents would replace the vegetation. In the morning, the grass would be strewn across the floor, meaning that the Three Wise Men, and their respective camels, had come in the night to deliver gifts.  

Epiphany around the world

In Denmark, Epiphany was abolished as an official church festival in 1770. However, the previous evening, Twelfth Night, is celebrated in some homes by burning a special Twelfth Night candle with three wicks. When the candles thus go out, it symbolises the end of Christmas. Only a few locations in Denmark still celebrate the evening with a procession where people in fancy dress and go from house to house.

As Epiphany is not a public holiday in France, the traditions are instead observed on the first Sunday in January. Since the 14th-century people in France have eaten a cake called La galette des Rois to celebrate Epiphany. According to the tradition, the cake must be divided so that each guest gets a slice, plus an extra slice called the part du Bon Dieu/ Vierge/ Pauvre (Good Lord / Virgin / Poor ) which is kept in reserve should any unexpected stranger turn up. The cake is typically bought in a boulangerie and made of puff pastry with an almond filling. A charm is often hidden in the cake. The Lucky person that finds the charm then becomes the king or queen for the day.

As you travel east in Europe, water plays a more important in Epiphany celebrations with the throwing of a wooden cross into the sea to see who can recover it first a common tradition in Greece and Bulgaria.

The Orthodox Church celebrates Epiphany on January 19th, though the festival commemorates the baptism of Jesus (explaining the water festivities) by John the Baptist rather than the visit of the Magi. Jesus was baptised when he was about 30 years old, so Orthodox Epiphany has little to do with the Christmas story, though it still marks the end of the Christmas cycle.

Italy has gone in quite a different direction with Epiphany. It is the visit of a witch rather than kings which is the focus of festivities. Befana is an old soot-covered woman or witch who delivers presents to Italian children on the night before Epiphany.

In Mexico, children receive presents on Epiphany rather than Christmas Day.

Three Kings in Spain

In Spain, Epiphany is a more popular holiday than Christmas. Many thousands of people will join in traditional parades on the eve of Epiphany to catch a glimpse of the Three Kings (Reyes Magos) who will be delivering presents later that night. If you see people holding bags or opening upside-down umbrellas, don’t be alarmed: this is a clever way to try and catch the sweets thrown by the parade as it passes.

Children write letters to the Magi asking for gifts which are left for them on January 6th. Just as youngsters in other countries leave out milk, cookies and carrots for Santa and his reindeer on Christmas Eve, in Spain children set out sweet treats for the Reyes Magos and dried grass or hay for their camels on the night before. 

Most shops are closed, but some stores may open and start their January sales early. Traditionally the 'rebajas' (the sales) start on January 7th.

Roscón de Reyes

Epiphany in Spain has its own special food. The roscón is a ring-shaped sweet bread cake topped with dried fruit to symbolise the crowns of the Kings. It’s usually filled with cream and a couple of other surprises: a dried fava bean and a tiny figurine of the baby Jesus or one of the kings.

According to tradition, whoever finds the figure is declared king or queen of the feast but the unlucky person who gets the bean has to buy the roscón the following year.

Did you know?

Three facts about Epiphany

One of the gifts, the Magi brought was Myrrh. This is a perfume that is put on dead bodies to make them smell nice; Christian believe that it foreshadowed that Jesus would suffer and die.

All the gifts brought by the Magi come from east of Israel in Arabia.

The word Magi comes from the greek word 'magos' (from which the English word 'magic' comes from)

More facts about Epiphany

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