Epiphany around the world in 2022

Epiphany around the world in 2022

  How long until Epiphany?
  Dates of Epiphany around the world
2023 Various Jan 6
AndorraFri, Jan 6National Holiday
AustriaFri, Jan 6National Holiday
BelgiumFri, Jan 6Not A Public Holiday
CroatiaFri, Jan 6National Holiday
CyprusFri, Jan 6National Holiday
FinlandFri, Jan 6National Holiday
Germany Jan 6
Baden-WürttembergFri, Jan 6Regional Holiday
BavariaFri, Jan 6Regional Holiday
Saxony-AnhaltFri, Jan 6Regional Holiday
GreeceFri, Jan 6National Holiday
GreenlandFri, Jan 6National Holiday
LiechtensteinFri, Jan 6National Holiday
PolandFri, Jan 6National Holiday
Puerto RicoFri, Jan 6National Holiday
San MarinoFri, Jan 6National Holiday
SlovakiaFri, Jan 6National Holiday
SpainFri, Jan 6National Holiday
SwedenFri, Jan 6National Holiday
Switzerland Jan 6
GraubündenFri, Jan 6Regional Holiday
LucerneFri, Jan 6Regional Holiday
SchwyzFri, Jan 6Regional Holiday
TicinoFri, Jan 6Regional Holiday
UriFri, Jan 6Regional Holiday
US Virgin IslandsFri, Jan 6National Holiday
UruguayFri, Jan 6Government Holiday
Vatican CityFri, Jan 6National Holiday
2022 Various Jan 6
AndorraThu, Jan 6National Holiday
AustriaThu, Jan 6National Holiday
BelgiumThu, Jan 6Not A Public Holiday
CroatiaThu, Jan 6National Holiday
CyprusThu, Jan 6National Holiday
FinlandThu, Jan 6National Holiday
Germany Jan 6
Baden-WürttembergThu, Jan 6Regional Holiday
BavariaThu, Jan 6Regional Holiday
Saxony-AnhaltThu, Jan 6Regional Holiday
GreeceThu, Jan 6National Holiday
GreenlandThu, Jan 6National Holiday
LiechtensteinThu, Jan 6National Holiday
PolandThu, Jan 6National Holiday
Puerto RicoThu, Jan 6National Holiday
San MarinoThu, Jan 6National Holiday
SlovakiaThu, Jan 6National Holiday
SpainThu, Jan 6National Holiday
SwedenThu, Jan 6National Holiday
Switzerland Jan 6
GraubündenThu, Jan 6Regional Holiday
LucerneThu, Jan 6Regional Holiday
SchwyzThu, Jan 6Regional Holiday
TicinoThu, Jan 6Regional Holiday
UriThu, Jan 6Regional Holiday
US Virgin IslandsThu, Jan 6National Holiday
UruguayThu, Jan 6Government Holiday
Vatican CityThu, Jan 6National Holiday
2021 Various Jan 6
AndorraWed, Jan 6National Holiday
AustriaWed, Jan 6National Holiday
BelgiumWed, Jan 6Not A Public Holiday
CroatiaWed, Jan 6National Holiday
CyprusWed, Jan 6National Holiday
FinlandWed, Jan 6National Holiday
Germany Jan 6
Baden-WürttembergWed, Jan 6Regional Holiday
BavariaWed, Jan 6Regional Holiday
Saxony-AnhaltWed, Jan 6Regional Holiday
GreeceWed, Jan 6National Holiday
GreenlandWed, Jan 6National Holiday
LiechtensteinWed, Jan 6National Holiday
PolandWed, Jan 6National Holiday
Puerto RicoWed, Jan 6National Holiday
San MarinoWed, Jan 6National Holiday
SlovakiaWed, Jan 6National Holiday
SpainWed, Jan 6National Holiday
SwedenWed, Jan 6National Holiday
Switzerland Jan 6
GraubündenWed, Jan 6Regional Holiday
LucerneWed, Jan 6Regional Holiday
SchwyzWed, Jan 6Regional Holiday
TicinoWed, Jan 6Regional Holiday
UriWed, Jan 6Regional Holiday
US Virgin IslandsWed, Jan 6National Holiday
UruguayWed, Jan 6Government Holiday
Vatican CityWed, Jan 6National Holiday
2020 Various Jan 6
AndorraMon, Jan 6National Holiday
AustriaMon, Jan 6National Holiday
BelgiumMon, Jan 6Not A Public Holiday
CroatiaMon, Jan 6National Holiday
CyprusMon, Jan 6National Holiday
FinlandMon, Jan 6National Holiday
Germany Jan 6
Baden-WürttembergMon, Jan 6Regional Holiday
BavariaMon, Jan 6Regional Holiday
Saxony-AnhaltMon, Jan 6Regional Holiday
GreeceMon, Jan 6National Holiday
GreenlandMon, Jan 6National Holiday
LiechtensteinMon, Jan 6National Holiday
PolandMon, Jan 6National Holiday
Puerto RicoMon, Jan 6National Holiday
San MarinoMon, Jan 6National Holiday
SlovakiaMon, Jan 6National Holiday
SpainMon, Jan 6National Holiday
SwedenMon, Jan 6National Holiday
Switzerland Jan 6
GraubündenMon, Jan 6Regional Holiday
LucerneMon, Jan 6Regional Holiday
SchwyzMon, Jan 6Regional Holiday
TicinoMon, Jan 6Regional Holiday
UriMon, Jan 6Regional Holiday
US Virgin IslandsMon, Jan 6National Holiday
UruguayMon, Jan 6Government Holiday
Vatican CityMon, Jan 6National Holiday
2019 Various Jan 6, Jan 7
AndorraSun, Jan 6National Holiday
AustriaSun, Jan 6National Holiday
BelgiumSun, Jan 6Not A Public Holiday
CroatiaSun, Jan 6National Holiday
CyprusSun, Jan 6National Holiday
FinlandSun, Jan 6National Holiday
Germany Jan 6
Baden-WürttembergSun, Jan 6Regional Holiday
BavariaSun, Jan 6Regional Holiday
Saxony-AnhaltSun, Jan 6Regional Holiday
GreeceSun, Jan 6National Holiday
GreenlandSun, Jan 6National Holiday
LiechtensteinSun, Jan 6National Holiday
PolandSun, Jan 6National Holiday
Puerto RicoSun, Jan 6National Holiday
San MarinoSun, Jan 6National Holiday
SlovakiaSun, Jan 6National Holiday
Spain Jan 6, Jan 7
AndalucíaMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
AragonMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
AsturiasMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
Canary IslandsMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
Castile and LeónMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
CeutaMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
ExtremaduraMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
MadridMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
MelillaMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
MurciaMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
NavarraMon, Jan 7Regional Holiday (in lieu)
SpainSun, Jan 6National Holiday
SwedenSun, Jan 6National Holiday
Switzerland Jan 6
GraubündenSun, Jan 6Regional Holiday
LucerneSun, Jan 6Regional Holiday
SchwyzSun, Jan 6Regional Holiday
TicinoSun, Jan 6Regional Holiday
UriSun, Jan 6Regional Holiday
US Virgin IslandsSun, Jan 6National Holiday
UruguaySun, Jan 6Government Holiday
Vatican CitySun, Jan 6National Holiday

A major Christian celebration, Epiphany is celebrated on January 6th and commemorates the presentation of the infant Jesus to the Magi, or three wise men. In some countries, it may be known as Three Kings Day.

  Which countries observe Epiphany in 2022?
  AndorraJan 6National Holiday
  AustriaJan 6National Holiday
  BelgiumJan 6Not A Public Holiday
  CroatiaJan 6National Holiday
  CyprusJan 6National Holiday
  FinlandJan 6National Holiday
  GermanyJan 6Regional Holiday
  GreeceJan 6National Holiday
  GreenlandJan 6National Holiday
  LiechtensteinJan 6National Holiday
  PolandJan 6National Holiday
  Puerto RicoJan 6National Holiday
  San MarinoJan 6National Holiday
  SlovakiaJan 6National Holiday
  SpainJan 6National Holiday
  SwedenJan 6National Holiday
  SwitzerlandJan 6Regional Holiday
  US Virgin IslandsJan 6National Holiday
  UruguayJan 6Government Holiday
  Vatican CityJan 6National Holiday

When is Epiphany?

Though overshadowed by falling so soon after Christmas, Epiphany is one of the three major Christian celebrations along with Christmas and Easter.

It is always celebrated on January 6th and commemorates the presentation of the infant Jesus to the Magi or the three wise men. In some countries, it may be known as 'Three Kings Day'.

History of Epiphany

Interestingly, the bible doesn't mention how many wise men there were - just that three gifts were given and that they came from the east.

The common consensus is that there were between two and twenty wise men. They were likely to have been Zoroastrian Priests. It wasn't until about 500AD that three was accepted to be the standard number of wise men - the reasoning simply due to the number of gifts.

To further complicate matters, the wise men may not even have been men or wise. In 2004, a report by the general synod of the church of England concluded that 'magi' gives no indication as to number, or gender, or even to the level of wisdom.

The distinct lack of Biblical detail hasn't stopped the Magi being counted, coronated and christened - the traditional names of the threes kings are Melchior, Caspar and Balthazar, who are said to represent Europe, Arabia and Africa respectively.

Epiphany is derived from the Greek word 'epiphaneia' and means manifestation. In religious use, the term means the appearance of an invisible divine being in a visible form.

The celebration of the Epiphany began in the Eastern Church and included a celebration of Christ's birth. However, by the 4th century AD, the various calendar reforms had moved the birth of Christ to December 25th and the church in Rome began celebrating January 6th as Epiphany. Armenian Orthodox Christians still celebrate the birth of Christ on January 6th as their Church was established before Rome made the date change.

Epiphany around the world

In Denmark, Epiphany was abolished as an official church festival in 1770. However, the previous evening, Twelfth Night, is celebrated in some homes by burning a special Twelfth Night candle with three wicks. When the candles thus go out, it symbolises the end of Christmas. Only a few locations in Denmark still celebrate the evening with a procession where people in fancy dress and go from house to house.

As Epiphany is not a public holiday in France, the traditions are instead observed on the first Sunday in January. Since the 14th-century people in France have eaten a cake called La galette des Rois to celebrate Epiphany. According to the tradition, the cake must be divided so that each guest gets a slice, plus an extra slice called the part du Bon Dieu/ Vierge/ Pauvre (Good Lord / Virgin / Poor ) which is kept in reserve should any unexpected stranger turn up. The cake is typically bought in a boulangerie and made of puff pastry with an almond filling. A charm is often hidden in the cake. The Lucky person that finds the charm then becomes the king or queen for the day.

As you travel east in Europe, water plays a more important in Epiphany celebrations with the throwing of a wooden cross into the sea to see who can recover it first a common tradition in Greece and Bulgaria.

The Orthodox Church celebrates Epiphany on January 19th, though the festival commemorates the baptism of Jesus (explaining the water festivities) by John the Baptist rather than the visit of the Magi. Jesus was baptised when he was about 30 years old, so Orthodox Epiphany has little to do with the Christmas story, though it still marks the end of the Christmas cycle.

Italy has gone in quite a different direction with Epiphany. It is the visit of a witch rather than kings which is the focus of festivities. Befana is an old soot-covered woman or witch who delivers presents to Italian children on the night before Epiphany.

In Mexico, children receive presents on Epiphany rather than Christmas Day.

Did you know?

Three facts about Epiphany

In New York, El Museo del Barrio has celebrated and promoted the Three Kings’ Day tradition with an annual parade for more than three decades. Thousands take part in the procession featuring camels, colorful puppets and floats.

In several Latin American countries, the day's activities involve singing holiday carols called aguinaldos.

One theory about the Magi is that they might have been from the Yemen, as during this time the Kings of Yemen were Jews.

More facts about Epiphany

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