Constitution Day in Poland in 2025

Constitution Day in Poland in 2025
  How long until Constitution Day?
Constitution Day
  Dates of Constitution Day in Poland
2025 Poland Sat, May 3 Bank Holiday
2024 Poland Fri, May 3 Bank Holiday
2023 Poland Wed, May 3 Bank Holiday
2022 Poland Tue, May 3 Bank Holiday
2021 Poland Mon, May 3 Bank Holiday

Constitution day marks the declaration and adoption of Poland's first constitution on 3 May 1791

  Local name
Swieto Trzeciego Maja

When is Polish Constitution Day?

Constitution Day in Poland is always celebrated annually on 3 May.

In Polish, it is known as 'Swieto Trzeciego Maja', which means 'National Third of May day'.

Constitution day marks the declaration and adoption of Poland's first constitution on 3 May 1791.

History of Polish Constitution Day

Poland's constitution was the first constitution to be adopted in Europe and second only in the world - the American constitution of 1789, being the oldest. The first draft of the Polish constitution dates back to 1788.

The Polish constitution was based on principles influenced by the French revolution and introduced a constitutional monarchy.

The constitution itself applied to the Polish-Lithuanian commonwealth and the implementation of the constitution led to the 'War of the defense of the constitution' between the commonwealth and conservative nobility backed by the Russia empire.

This led to the annulment of the constitution just 19 months later, but the 3 May constitution is still regarded as a key event in the history of Poland.

After gaining independence in 1918, this day became a holiday, but like many national holidays it was not celebrated during the the time of the communist government.

Following the collapse of the Soviet Union, the holiday was restored by the Act of 6 April 1990 and the first gala celebration took place in Warsaw's Castle Square on 3 May 1990 in the presence of President Wojciech Jaruzelski.

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