Proclamation of Independence Day in East Timor in 2020

Proclamation of Independence Day in East Timor in 2020

  Dates of Proclamation of Independence Day in East Timor
2022 East Timor Mon, Nov 28 National Holiday
2021 East Timor Sun, Nov 28 National Holiday
2020 East Timor Sat, Nov 28 National Holiday
2019 East Timor Thu, Nov 28 National Holiday
2018 East Timor Wed, Nov 28 National Holiday
In November 1975, the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor declared the territory's independence from Portugal

When is Proclamation of Independence Day?

Proclamation of Independence Day is a public holiday in the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste on November 28th each year.

This holiday commemorates the proclamation of independence from Portugal on this day in 1975.

History of Proclamation of Independence Day

The Portuguese were the first Europeans to arrive in the area in the early 16th century. Over the next hundred years, Christian missionaries arrived, followed by a military expedition. By 1702 the territory was a Portuguese colony known as Portuguese Timor.

Though never seen a key strategic colony by the Portuguese it nonetheless remained under their control all the way into the 1970s.

In 1974, the so-called Carnation revolution in Portugal brought the end of the dictatorship and brought a new approach to its overseas possessions.

Portugal was effectively abandoning Timor. This was a concern to the Revolutionary Front for an Independent East Timor (Fretlin) who, despite their name, preferred Portuguese rule as they feared (rightly, as it turns out) that Indonesia would try to take control of the country if Portugal left.

Therefore on November 28th 1975, the left-wing Fretlin declared the unilateral declaration of independence of the Democratic Republic of East Timor. Crucially the proclamation didn't have widespread international support with only a handful of Marxist countries recognising the territory's independence from Portugal.

The proclamation of independence proved to be very short-lived. Nine days later Indonesia invaded and East Timor became a province of Indonesia for the next 25 years.

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