Black Awareness Day in Brazil in 2020

Black Awareness Day in Brazil in 2020

  How long until Black Awareness Day?
This holiday next takes place in 60 days.
  Dates of Black Awareness Day in Brazil
2023 Nov 20
Rio de JaneiroMon, Nov 20Regional Holiday
São PauloMon, Nov 20Regional Holiday
2022 Nov 20
Rio de JaneiroSun, Nov 20Regional Holiday
São PauloSun, Nov 20Regional Holiday
2021 Nov 20
Rio de JaneiroSat, Nov 20Regional Holiday
São PauloSat, Nov 20Regional Holiday
2020 Nov 20
Rio de JaneiroFri, Nov 20Regional Holiday
São PauloFri, Nov 20Regional Holiday
2019 Nov 20
Rio de JaneiroWed, Nov 20Regional Holiday
São PauloWed, Nov 20Regional Holiday
  Summary
Zumbi dos Palmares was a warlord in the independent kingdom of Palmares. This kingdom had been founded in the seventeenth century by slaves insurgents in the north-eastern Brazil. This day celebrates the first liberation of slaves.
  Which regions observe Black Awareness Day in 2020?
  Rio de JaneiroNov 20Regional Holiday
  São PauloNov 20Regional Holiday

When is Black Awareness Day?

Since the 1960s, November 20th has been celebrated in Brazil as Black Awareness Day (or Black Conscious Day, Portuguese: Dia Nacional da Consciência Negra).

While Black Consciousness Day is a not a federal holiday, it is an official holiday in Alagoas, Amazonas, Amapá, Mato Grosso, Rio de Janeiro e Maranhão States and São Paulo City and in over 1,000 other cities.

It is a day on which to reflect upon the injustices of slavery and to celebrate the contributions that have been made to Brazilian society by citizens of 'African' descent.

History of Black Awareness Day

The day has an additional special meaning as it honours 'Zumbi', a legendary black hero and freedom fighter.

Zumbi was born inside the Quilombo of Palmares, the largest colony of escaped slaves in Brazil in 1655.

The colony not only consisted of escaped African slaves but also of native Brazilian Indians and other mixed races.

The colony had a government system that organised similarly to an African Kingdom with a King and Assembly. The King was chosen from the best warriors. "Zumbi" was chosen this way and under his leadership, the colony fought bravely for 65 years against colonisers from Portugal and Holland and was finally destroyed in 1694.

Zumbi managed to escape from the colony and many believed that he was immortal. He was finally captured on November 20th 1695. He was immediately beheaded and his head was put on public display to convince the locals he was not immortal.

Nowadays "Zumbi" is regarded as a national hero and a symbol of the struggle for freedom, though there are some dissenting voices who think Zumbi is not the right figurehead for this day as he is said to have kept slaves himself.

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