Black Awareness Day in Brazil in 2023

Black Awareness Day in Brazil in 2023
  How long until Black Awareness Day?
Black Awareness Day
  Dates of Black Awareness Day in Brazil
2025 Nov 20
BrazilThu, Nov 20Not A Public Holiday
Rio de JaneiroThu, Nov 20Regional Holiday
São PauloThu, Nov 20Regional Holiday
2024 Nov 20
BrazilWed, Nov 20Not A Public Holiday
Rio de JaneiroWed, Nov 20Regional Holiday
São PauloWed, Nov 20Regional Holiday
2023 Nov 20
Rio de JaneiroMon, Nov 20Regional Holiday
São PauloMon, Nov 20Regional Holiday
2022 Nov 20
Rio de JaneiroSun, Nov 20Regional Holiday
São PauloSun, Nov 20Regional Holiday
2021 Nov 20
Rio de JaneiroSat, Nov 20Regional Holiday
São PauloSat, Nov 20Regional Holiday

Zumbi dos Palmares was a warlord in the independent kingdom of Palmares. This kingdom had been founded in the seventeenth century by slaves insurgents in the north-eastern Brazil. This day celebrates the first liberation of slaves.

  Which regions observe Black Awareness Day in 2023?
National Holiday Regional Holiday Not a public holiday Govt Holiday

When is Black Awareness Day?

Since the 1960s, November 20th has been celebrated in Brazil as Black Awareness Day (or Black Conscious Day, Portuguese: Dia Nacional da Consciência Negra).

While Black Consciousness Day is a not a federal holiday, it is an official holiday in Alagoas, Amazonas, Amapá, Mato Grosso, Rio de Janeiro e Maranhão States and São Paulo City and in over 1,000 other cities.

In 2003, November 20th was included in the school calendar. It became a national holiday eight years later. The National Day of Zombie and Black Consciousness was instituted by Federal Law 12,519, of November 10, 2011, signed by President Dilma Rousseff.

It is a day on which to reflect upon the injustices of slavery and to celebrate the contributions that have been made to Brazilian society by citizens of 'African' descent.

History of Black Awareness Day

November 20th was chosen by a group of activists from Grupo Palmares, which held an event in 1971 at Clube Nutico Marclio Dias, in Porto Alegre, Rio Grande do Sul, to honour 'Zumbi', a legendary black hero and freedom fighter.

Zumbi was born inside the Quilombo of Palmares, the largest colony of escaped slaves in Brazil in 1655.

The colony not only consisted of escaped African slaves but also of native Brazilian Indians and other mixed races.

The colony had a government system that organised similarly to an African Kingdom with a King and Assembly. The King was chosen from the best warriors. "Zumbi" was chosen this way and under his leadership, the colony fought bravely for 65 years against colonisers from Portugal and Holland and was finally destroyed in 1694.

Zumbi managed to escape from the colony and many believed that he was immortal. He was finally captured on November 20th 1695. He was immediately beheaded and his head was put on public display to convince the locals he was not immortal.

Nowadays "Zumbi" is regarded as a national hero and a symbol of the struggle for freedom, though there are some dissenting voices who think Zumbi is not the right figurehead for this day as he is said to have kept slaves himself.

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