The Daffodil is the national flower of Wales
When is St. David's Day?
How long until St. David's Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 74 Days.|
Dates of St. David's Day
|St David is the patron saint of Wales|
The National Day of Wales is St. David's Day and is always observed on 1 March, the traditional date of his death.
Who was St. David?
Saint David (known as Dewi Sant in the Welsh language) was a Celtic monk born towards the end of the fifth century and was Archbishop of Wales. He spread the word of Christianity across Wales, founding 11 churches across Wales and Brittany. His influence is shown by the number of churches dedicated to him in Wales.
It is always observed on 1 March, as the tradition is that he died on that day in 589 AD, though the tradition also says that he lived for over a 100 years, which would have been a mightily impressive age to get to in the sixth century.
While not recognised as a the national day of Wales until the 18th Century, the feast of St David dates back to 1120 AD, when David was canonised by Pope Callactus II. St David was recognised by some as the national patron saint during the period of Welsh resistance to the Normans.
St. David has had a few minor miracles associated with him, but the most famous story concerns the a large crowd who had gathered at the Synod of Llanddewi Brefi to witness the decision to make David an Archbishop. When David got up to speak, someone complained that due to the crowd, they wouldn't be able to hear him speak. At that point, the ground itself rose up, placing David above the crowd, so that everyone there could see and hear him. Needless to say, after that astonishing feat, the decision to make David an Archbishop was taken.
Is St. David's Day a public holiday?
In 2000, the National Assembly for Wales voted unanimously to make St. David's Day a public holiday and public support in wales has remained strong. Despite this, all moves so far to make St. David's Day a bank holiday have been rejected by the British Government.
In 2007, former Prime Minister Tony Blair, rejected calls for it to become a public holiday, despite a poll at the time showing that 87% of Welsh people were in favour.
This has resulted in the situation where in the United Kingdom, Scotland and Northern Ireland have public holidays for ther patron saints, but England and Wales don't.
Every year parades are held in Wales to commemorate St. David. The largest of these is held in Cardiff. On the day, a number of Welsh heritage sites, including Beaumaris Castle, Caernarfon Castle, and Tintern Abbey, open for free.
On St. David's day, Welsh people may wear one or both of the national emblems of Wales on their lapel - the daffodil or the leek on this day. The tradition of wearing a leek is said to have arisen when a unit of Welsh soldiers were able to distinguish each other from troops of similarly attired English enemy soldiers by wearing leeks.
The Daffodil flowers early in the year and makes it a fitting emblem for St. David as it is full bloom by 1 March.
On 1 March the Empire State Building will be floodlit in the national colours of Wales - red, green and white.
Did you know?
His last words, in a sermon before his death, were: "Be joyful, and keep your faith and your creed, and do the little things that you have seen me do and heard about."
King Edward I took the head and the arm of St. David from the Cathedral after his 1284 conquest in Wales. He displayed the remains along with a number of other holy relics in London.
Before a battle against the Saxons, legend has it, David advised Welsh warriors to wear a leek in their hats so that they could distinguish themselves from their enemies. This inspired the tradition of wearing leeks on his name day.
Rather than a leek or daffodil, St. David's symbol is actually a dove normally resting on a shoulder as he stands on a hill. It is believed while speaking to a crowd of people at the synod of Brefi, a hill arose at the very spot he had preached from.
He founded a monastery beside the river Alun, now the site of St David's Cathedral.