Chhath Puja

National Holidays in India Regional Holiday in India

Chhath Puja of Bihar, via Wikimedia Commons

When is Chhath Puja?

How long until Chhath Puja?
This holiday next takes place in 164 Days.
1 Day
Assam, Bihar. An ancient Hindu festival which give thanks to the Sun God
Dates of Chhath Puja
Year Weekday Date Regions
2020 Friday November 20th Bihar, Jharkhand
2019 Sunday November 3rd Bihar
2019 Saturday November 2nd Assam, Bihar
2018 Wednesday November 14th Bihar
Regions where Chhath Puja is a holiday in 2019
Assam, Bihar

Chhath Puja is celebrated on the sixth day of the month of Karthika in the Vikram Samvat, which also means it is the sixth days after Diwali.

This festival is dedicated to the sun god and his wife and is one of the most popular festivals in eastern Uttar Pradesh and Bihar. It is also an important festival in Nepal.

The festival lasts four days, with the third day generally being a public holiday in certain regions of India.

Traditions of Chhath Puja

During the four days, devotees perform the Puja to thank the Sun god for providing life on earth and seek his blessings and protection. Each day has its own activities and rituals:

Chhath Puja begin with the day known as Nahay Khay. On this first day devotees take a dip in water and women take a single meal.

On the second day, known as Kharna or Lohanda devotees fast from sunrise to the sunset. After worshipping the Sun and the Moon, they prepare offerings of kheer (a rice pudding), bananas and rice for their family. After eating the offering, they fast for 36 hours without water.

Day three is known as Sanjhiya Gha or Sandhya Arghya. On this day the fast is observed and devotees offer worship to the setting sun.

On Usha Argya, the last day, the fast is broken after morning offerings are made to the rising sun.

In the Hindu tradition, the rays of the sun at sunrise are very important and have healing properties and can cure disease to ensure the health of family, friends, and elders. Devotees will pray in the morning facing east so that the rays falls on their front.

To access the river to perform some of the puja, steps down to the water called ghats are created. In Delhi alone, the number of ghats run into the hundreds, with over 500 ghats set up in 2017 - this shows the popularity of this festival.

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