Awal Muharram

national and public holidays in Malaysia Muslim holiday observed in several countries


When is Awal Muharram ?

Year Date
2017 September 22nd
2016 October 2nd
2015 October 14th
2014 October 25th
2013 November 5th
2012 November 15th

Who observes Muharram in 2015?

Country Date Known as
Algeria Algeria 14 Oct Muharram
Bahrain Bahrain 14 Oct Hijri New Year
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina (regional) 14 Oct Hijri New Year
Brunei Brunei 14 Oct Al-Hijra
Egypt Egypt 14 Oct El Hijra
Indonesia Indonesia 14 Oct Muharram
Iraq Iraq 14 Oct Islamic New Year
Jordan Jordan 14 Oct Hijri New Year
Kuwait Kuwait 14 Oct Hijri New Year
Lebanon Lebanon 14 Oct Hijri New Year
Libya Libya 14 Oct Hijri New Year
Malaysia Malaysia 14 Oct Awal Muharram
Morocco Morocco 14 Oct Fatih Muharram
Nigeria Nigeria (regional) 14 Oct Islamic New Year
Pakistan Pakistan (regional) 14 Oct Islamic New Year
Tunisia Tunisia 14 Oct Ras el am el Hejri
Nigeria Nigeria (regional) 15 Oct Islamic New Year
Oman Oman 15 Oct Hijri New Year
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates 15 Oct Hijri New Year
Yemen Yemen 15 Oct Hijri New Year

Awal Muharram or Hijri New Year is celebrated by Muslims as the day symbolises two important events in the Muslim year.

Awal means beginning in English and Muharram is the name of the first month in the Muslim calendar.

Islam has a calendar based on the revolutions of the Moon. Thus, it is only 354 days long. Islamic New Year is celebrated on the first day of Muharram, the first Islamic month.

Compared to Western calendars, the Islamic year goes 11 days backwards every year. (So, in 2005 on the Western Calendar, the New Year is February 10.)

The date shown on this page is the date that most countries will observe. The date in some countries may vary by up to two days, as some countries use a lunar sighting basis to determine the date. Because of this, the offical dates may not be announced until close to the actual day.

The date for Islamic New Year in other countries for 2015 along with the name of the day in that country is shown in the table of countries to the right.

The day also coincides with the Prophet's journey from Mecca to Medina on the first of Muharram in 622AD.

To mark the occasion, Muslims attend various religious activities, spiritual singing, religious meetings throughout the country.

The marking of the beginning of the new year is usually quiet, unlike New Year's celebrations associated with other calendars. It is a time for Muslims to reflect on the passing of time and their own mortality.

Muslims gather in mosques for special prayers and readings.

They recite Koranic verses and hold special prayers and sermons at public halls and mosques.

The New Year itself is known to Muslims as Maal Hijra.


In Malaysia, a 'Tokoh Ma'al Hijrah' is awarded to a Muslim personality to honour their contribution to Islam.

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