Awal Muharram

national and public holidays in Malaysia Muslim holiday observed in several countries

Blue Mosque, Turkey

When is Awal Muharram ?

Year Date
2017 September 22nd
2016 October 2nd
2015 October 14th
2014 October 25th
2013 November 5th
2012 November 15th

Who observes Muharram?

Country Known as
Algeria Algeria Muharram
Brunei Brunei Al-Hijra
Egypt Egypt El Hijra
Indonesia Indonesia Muharram
Lebanon Lebanon Hijri New Year
Malaysia Malaysia Awal Muharram
Morocco Morocco Fatih Muharram
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Hijri New Year

Awal Muharram is celebrated by Muslims as the day symbolises two important events in the Muslim year.

Awal means beginning in English and Muharram is the name of the first month in the Muslim calendar.

Islam has a calendar based on the revolutions of the Moon. Thus, it is only 354 days long. Islamic New Year is celebrated on the first day of Muharram, the first Islamic month.

Compared to Western calendars, the Islamic year goes 11 days backwards every year. (So, in 2005 on the Western Calendar, the New Year is February 10.)

The day also coincides with the Prophet Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina on the first of Muharram in 622AD. Muslims also reflect on the passing of time and their own mortality.

To mark the occasion, Muslims attend various religious activities, spiritual singing, religious meetings throughout the country. The marking of the beginning of the new year is usually quiet, unlike New Year's celebrations associated with other calendars. Muslims gather in mosques for special prayers and readings.

They recite Koranic verses and hold special prayers and sermons at public halls and mosques.

The New Year itself is known to Muslims as Maal Hijra.


In Malaysia, a 'Tokoh Ma'al Hijrah' is awarded to a Muslim personality to honour their contribution to Islam.

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