When is Awal Muharram ?
Who observes Muharram in 2015?
Awal Muharram or Hijri New Year is celebrated by Muslims as the day symbolises two important events in the Muslim year.
Awal means beginning in English and Muharram is the name of the first month in the Muslim calendar.
Islam has a calendar based on the revolutions of the Moon. Thus, it is only 354 days long. Islamic New Year is celebrated on the first day of Muharram, the first Islamic month.
Compared to Western calendars, the Islamic year goes 11 days backwards every year. (So, in 2005 on the Western Calendar, the New Year is February 10.)
The date shown on this page is the date that most countries will observe. The date in some countries may vary by up to two days, as some countries use a lunar sighting basis to determine the date. Because of this, the offical dates may not be announced until close to the actual day.
The date for Islamic New Year in other countries for 2015 along with the name of the day in that country is shown in the table of countries to the right.
The day also coincides with the Prophet's journey from Mecca to Medina on the first of Muharram in 622AD.
To mark the occasion, Muslims attend various religious activities, spiritual singing, religious meetings throughout the country.
The marking of the beginning of the new year is usually quiet, unlike New Year's celebrations associated with other calendars. It is a time for Muslims to reflect on the passing of time and their own mortality.
Muslims gather in mosques for special prayers and readings.
They recite Koranic verses and hold special prayers and sermons at public halls and mosques.
The New Year itself is known to Muslims as Maal Hijra.
In Malaysia, a 'Tokoh Ma'al Hijrah' is awarded to a Muslim personality to honour their contribution to Islam.