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Myanmar Martyr's Day

National and public holidays in Myanmar Public Holiday in Myanmar

This holiday marks the assassination of eight key leaders in 1947.

When is Myanmar Martyr's Day?

How long until Martyr's Day?
This holiday next takes place in 356 Days.
Dates of Martyr's Day
Year Weekday Date
2018 Thursday July 19th
2017 Wednesday July 19th
2016 Tuesday July 19th
2015 Sunday July 19th
Duration
1 Day
Summary
Marks the assassination of Aung San and several other cabinet members in 1947
1 Day
Related holiday
National and public holidays in Myanmar Myanmar Independence Day

Martyrs' Day, also known as Arzarni Day, is observed as a public holiday in Myanmar on 19 July.

Martyrs' Day commemorates the assassination of General Aung San and several other cabinet members in 1947.

History of Myanmar Martyrs' Day

In 1886, Myanmar (then called Burma) came under British control. From the earliest days of colonisation, there was a strong feeling of resentment against the rule of the British.

Just before the outbreak of World War II, there had been some moves towards autonomy in 1937, when Burma became a separately administered colony of Britain, with Ba Maw appointed as the first Prime Minister and Premier of Burma.

Following the end of World War II, the Panglong Agreement was reached on 12 February 1947, which paved the way for the unification of Burma as an independent state.

An interim government was formed with General Aung San (whose daughter is Aung San Suu Kyi) as Prime Minister.

On 19 July 1947, gunmen went into a cabinet meeting and shot dead Aung San and seven other key leaders of the interim government. The assassinations were planned by a political rival, U Saw. Within a few months, U Saw was found guilty and executed.

Burma gained its independence from British colonial rule on 4 January 1948.

How is Myanmar Martyrs' Day commemorated?

Martyrs’ Day is probably Myanmar’s second most important public holiday.

On 19 July, To mark the exact time of the shooting, car horns are sounded in the streets of Myanmar at 10.37am.

High-level government officials will visit the Martyrs’ Mausoleum in Yangon, which is dedicated to Aung San and the others who were killed.

Aung San Suu Kyi, the General's daughter, was kept under house arrest for 15 years and Martyrs' Day was ignored by the military government. With Aung San Suu Kyi's release and role in the governing of Myanmar, attitudes have changed and military chiefs now participate in the ceremonies for Martyrs' Day and attend a Buddhist prayer service at Aung San Suu Kyi’s residence.


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