When is Corpus Christi?
The Feast of Corpus Christi ("Fronleichnam" in German) is a Catholic festival celebrated on the second Thursday after Whitsun.
Corpus Christi means the Body of Christ and refers to the elements of the Eucharist also called the Holy Communion, Last Supper or Lord's Supper
The emergence of Corpus Christi as a Christian feast didn't happen until the second half of the thirteenth-century with the efforts of nun called Juliana of Liège.
Since childhood, Juliana had been claiming that God had been telling her that there should be a feast day for the Eucharist and eventually she petitioned the Bishop of Liège. In those days bishops could order feasts in their local dioceses. The bishop agreed to the feast and convened a synod in 1246 and ordered that a celebration of Corpus Christi should be held annually.
The Corpus Christi celebration only started to become more widespread after both Juliana and the Bishop had died. In 1264 Pope Urban IV issued the papal bull Transiturus in which Corpus Christi was made a feast throughout the entire Latin Rite.
Corpus Christi is primarily a Roman Catholic feast, but it is also acknowledged in the calendar of a few Anglican churches, most notably the Church of England. It is also celebrated by some Western Rite Orthodox Christians. Across many parts of medieval Europe, Corpus Christi was a popular time for the performance of mystery plays.
In Colombia, as with other Christian holidays, Corpus Christi is celebrated on the Monday after the actual date.
In Germany, this is a regional holiday in Baden-Württemberg, Bavaria, Hesse, North-Rhine Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony and Thuringia.
In Switzerland, this is a regional holiday in Aargau, Appenzell Innerrhoden, Fribourg, Jura, Lucerne, Nidwalden, Obwalden, Ticino, Uri, Valais and Zug.
In Spain, this is a regional Holiday in Castilla-La Mancha and Madrid.
In Venezuela, Corpus Christi is a holiday for banks only and is observed on the Monday following the actual date.
Corpus Christi is a public holiday in other Catholic countries such as Bolivia, Dominican Republic, San Marino and Trinidad and Tobago.