Independence Day in Zimbabwe in 2025

Independence Day in Zimbabwe in 2025
  How long until Independence Day?
Independence Day
  Dates of Independence Day in Zimbabwe
2025 Zimbabwe Fri, Apr 18 National Holiday
2024 Zimbabwe Thu, Apr 18 National Holiday
2023 Zimbabwe Tue, Apr 18 National Holiday
2022 Zimbabwe Mon, Apr 18 National Holiday
2021 Apr 18, Apr 19
ZimbabweMon, Apr 19National Holiday (in lieu)
ZimbabweSun, Apr 18National Holiday

On April 18th, Zimbabwe Independence Day marks independence from the United Kingdom in 1980.

When is Zimbabwean Independence Day?

This public holiday is always celebrated on April 18th.

This holiday marks independence from the United Kingdom on this day in 1980 and is the National Day of Zimbabwe.

History of Zimbabwean Independence Day

Zimbabwe was first influenced by Europeans with the arrival of The British South Africa Company in the 1890s. The company had been founded by Cecil Rhodes in 1889 to colonise the region.

The area became known as Southern Rhodesia (in honour of Cecil Rhodes) in 1895 and was governed by the British South Africa Company until 1922 when the European settlers voted to become a British Colony.

In 1953, Britain created the Central African Federation, made up of Southern Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), Northern Rhodesia (Zambia) and Nyasaland (Malawi).

Did you know?

Zimbabwe means "Large House of Stone" in Shona.

Following the breakup of the Federation in 1964, when Zambia and Malawi gained independence, Ian Smith became Prime Minister of the country (now called Rhodesia). Smith began a campaign for independence from Britain, with the government being run by the white minority. Independence was declared in 1965, but was not recognised internationally and led to sanctions against the country. This also led to an extensive campaign of guerilla warfare within Rhodesia and the rise of the Zanu and Zapu organisations.

Under this pressure, the white minority finally consented to multiracial elections in 1980. Robert Mugabe and his Zanu party won the independence elections, with Mugabe becoming Prime Minister and Zimbabwe's independence being formally recognised on April 18th 1980.

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