Republic Day in Turkey in 2020

Republic Day in Turkey in 2020
Street seller with Turkish flags featuring Atatürk. Image by TessLuca , via Pixabay

  How long until Republic Day?
This holiday next takes place in 29 days.
  Dates of Republic Day in Turkey
2022 Turkey Sat, Oct 29 National Holiday
2021 Turkey Thu, Oct 28 National Holiday
2020 Turkey Thu, Oct 29 National Holiday
2019 Turkey Tue, Oct 29 National Holiday
2018 Turkey Mon, Oct 29 National Holiday
On October 29th 1923, the Turkish constitution was amended and Turkey became a republic
  Local name
Cumhuriyet Bayramı

When is Turkish Republic Day?

Republic Day (Turkish: Cumhuriyet Bayramı) is a national holiday in Turkey, always celebrated on October 29th.

The afternoon of October 28th is also a holiday.

The holiday commemorates the proclamation of the Turkish republic on October 29th 1923.

History of Turkish Republic Day

Following the defeat of the Ottomans in World War I, the allies had occupied Turkey as part of the partitioning of the Ottoman Empire.

An uprising of Turkish nationalists led to the Turkish war of independence (1919 -1923). The allies left Turkish regions in July 1923.

Mustafa Kemal, the leader of the Turkish troops was named the first president on October 29th 1923 when the Turkish republic was proclaimed in the new capital, Ankara.

In 1934, Kemal was given the title Atatürk, which means 'Father of the Turks'.

A republican constitution was adopted the following April. Islam remained the state religion for several years, though this was eventually removed from the constitution in April 1928, making Turkey a secular state. Turkey remained a single-party government until 1945.

How is Turkish Republic Day Celebrated?

The holiday lasts 35 hours, starting at 1:00 pm on October 28th. Festivities include parades, torchlight processions and music to mark the founding of the republic.

People lay wreaths at the many statues of Atatürk across the country or visit Atatürk’s mausoleum in the country’s capital, Ankara.

As with other national holidays in Turkey, public transport generally runs on a Saturday schedule. Most businesses, schools, banks, council offices and the Turkish stock exchange will be closed. 

Public transport is free on Republic Day in Istanbul.

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