Berchtolds Day in Lucerne in 2025

Berchtolds Day in Lucerne in 2025
  How long until Berchtolds Day?
Berchtolds Day
  Dates of Berchtolds Day in Lucerne
2025 Thu, Jan 2Regional Holiday
2024 Tue, Jan 2Regional Holiday
2023 Mon, Jan 2Regional Holiday
2022 Sun, Jan 2Regional Holiday
2021 Sat, Jan 2Regional Holiday

The holiday commemorates Duke Berchtold V, who founded Bern, the capital of Switzerland.

  Berchtolds Day in other countries
Berchtolds Day internationally

When is Berchtold's Day?

Berchtold's Day ('Berchtoldstag') is always celebrated on January 2nd. It is not moved to a working day if it falls on a weekend.

This day is a public holiday in the following cantons: Aargau, Bern, Fribourg, Glarus, Jura, Lucerne, Neuchâtel, Obwalden, Schaffhausen, Solothurn, Thurgau, Vaud, Zug, and Zurich.

History of Berchtold's Day

Berchtold's Day commemorates Duke Berchtold V of Zähringen (d. 1218), who founded Bern, the capital of Switzerland, in the twelfth century.

According to legend, he left on a hunt declaring he would name his fledgling city after the first animal he killed. The hunting trip was a success and the Duke managed to kill a bear, or bern in German.

Despite many references to the day as St. Berchtold's day, he wasn't a saint (certainly not to bears anyway). We are just so used to holidays in Europe being named after saints, that many people have automatically canonised the Duke.

How is Berchtold's Day celebrated?

Handily placed in the calendar, by the ever-practical Swiss, to give an extra day to enjoy or recover from the New Year's celebrations, Berchtold's Day is a light-hearted, family-orientated celebration.


Though it's hard to see the immediate connection with killing a Bear, nuts form a large part of the celebration. Perhaps an explanation is that the Duke managed to kill a Squirrel rather than a Bear, and his exploits have become exaggerated during the intervening centuries?

Eating nuts and nut games, followed by singing and folk dancing are features of Berchtold Day gatherings.

Traditionally children will begin to hoard supplies of nuts in early autumn for Berchtold's Day, when they have a "nut feast".

One favourite game of the children is to try and make "hocks." You need five nuts to make a hock - four nuts placed close together, with a fifth placed on top. This feat of nut engineering may appear simple, but is surprisingly difficult to construct and maintain.

Though the author favours the Squirrel theory and would endorse the immediate re-naming of Berne as 'Eichkätzchen Stadt' (Squirrel Town); the nut element, like most holiday traditions, was most likely appropriated from a much older winter custom, when food such as nuts stored from the autumn harvest, would have been treats eaten to celebrate the turning of the seasons and that spring was now closer than Autumn.

Some sources say the holiday’s name comes from the word “berchten,” meaning “to walk around, asking for food.” On this day, folks exchange pleasantries and good wishes for the New Year. 

Translate this page