St Mauritius' Day in Appenzell Innerrhoden in 2021

St Mauritius' Day in Appenzell Innerrhoden in 2021
Schwägalp Pass is an Alpine mountain pass between the cantons of St. Gallen and Appenzell Ausserrhoden in Switzerland. Image by Monika Iris , via Pixabay

  How long until St Mauritius' Day?
St Mauritius' Day
  Dates of St Mauritius' Day in Appenzell Innerrhoden
2023 Fri, Sep 22Regional Holiday
2022 Thu, Sep 22Regional Holiday
2021 Wed, Sep 22Regional Holiday
2020 Tue, Sep 22Regional Holiday
  Summary

Mauritius was a commander of a Roman legion who was martyred for refusing to persecute Christians.

  Local name
Mauritiustag

When is St. Mauritius Day?

St Mauritius' Day or Mauritiustag in Appenzell, Innerrhoden and Solothurn is held on September 22nd.

History of St Mauritius' Day

According to legend, Mauritius (Maurice) came from Syria. He was the Roman commander of the Theban legion.

The legion, entirely composed of Christians, had been called from Thebes in Egypt to Gaul to assist Emperor Maximian in defeating a revolt.

The legion was dispatched with orders to clear the Great St Bernard Pass across the Alps. However, when Maximian ordered them to harass some local Christians, they refused. Ordering the unit to be punished, Maximian had every tenth soldier killed, a military punishment known as decimation.

Maurice encouraged his troops to ignore further orders, and a second decimation was ordered. In response to the refusals to attack fellow Christians, Maximian ordered all the remaining members of his legion to be executed. The place in Switzerland where this occurred, known as Agaunum, is now Saint-Maurice, Switzerland, site of the Abbey of St. Maurice.

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