Labour Day in Spain in 2022

Labour Day in Spain in 2022

  How long until Labour Day?
Labour Day
  Dates of Labour Day in Spain
2023 Spain Mon, May 1 Public Holiday
2022 May 1, May 2
AndalucíaMon, May 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
AragonMon, May 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
AsturiasMon, May 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
Canary IslandsMon, May 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
Castile and LeónMon, May 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
ExtremaduraMon, May 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
MurciaMon, May 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
SpainSun, May 1Public Holiday
2021 Spain Sat, May 1 Public Holiday
2020 Spain Fri, May 1 Public Holiday
2019 Spain Wed, May 1 Public Holiday
  Summary

This holiday is most commonly associated as a commemoration of the achievements of the labour movement

  Local name
Fiesta del trabajo
  Labour Day in other countries
Labour Day internationally
  Which regions observe Labour Day in 2022?
  AndalucíaMay 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
  AragonMay 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
  AsturiasMay 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
  Canary IslandsMay 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
  Castile and LeónMay 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
  ExtremaduraMay 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
  MurciaMay 2Regional Holiday (in lieu)
  SpainMay 1Public Holiday

Labour Day in Spain

All schools and most businesses close, with public transport running a ‘holiday schedule’, but hospitality and museums usually stay open, as well as other tourist and entertainment attractions.

When is Labour Day?

This international holiday is observed on May 1st. It is most commonly associated as a commemoration of the achievements of the labour movement. The holiday may also be known as International Worker's Day or May Day and is marked with a public holiday in over 80 countries.

History of Labour Day

The first May Day celebrations focused on workers took place on May 1st 1890 after its proclamation by the first international congress of socialist parties in Europe on July 14th 1889 in Paris, France, to dedicate May 1st every year as the "Workers Day of International Unity and Solidarity."

The date was chosen due to events on the other side of the Atlantic. In 1884 the American Federation of Organized Trades and Labor Unions demanded an eight-hour workday, to come in effect as of May 1st 1886. This resulted in the general strike and the Haymarket (in Chicago) Riot of 1886, but eventually also in the official sanction of the eight-hour workday.

The riots at Haymarket Square in Chicago had begun as peaceful demonstrations over the legal establishment of an eight-hour workday.

At a protest rally on May 4th 1890, a bomb was thrown at the police as they tried to disperse the crowds, resulting in the deaths of several police officers and some civilians.

Though the eight-hour workday was not fully adopted across America until the 20th century, the events in Chicago inspired similar protests across Europe, establishing May 1st as the day to recognise the rights of workers across the world.

May 1st is celebrated as May Day in most countries around the world. In the United Kingdom and Ireland the bank holiday isn't fixed on May 1st but instead is observed on the first Monday of May.

In the 20th century, the holiday received the official endorsement of the Soviet Union, and it is also celebrated as the Day of the International Solidarity of Workers, especially in some Communist states. Celebrations in communist countries during the Cold War era often consisted of large military parades with the latest weaponry being exhibited as well as shows of common people in support of the government.

Curiously (given the origin of the May 1st date), the United States celebrates Labor Day on the first Monday of September (May 1st is Loyalty Day, a legal but not widely recognized holiday in the United States). There is some suggestion that the reason for this was to avoid the commemoration of riots that had occurred in 1886. The adoption of May Day by communists and socialists as their primary holiday has been as another reason for the official resistance to May Day labor celebrations in America.

Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and the Netherlands also celebrate Labour Day on different dates; though that has to do with how the holiday originated in those countries.

May Day has long been a focal point for demonstrations by various communist, socialist, and anarchist groups.

Labour Day around the World

May Day

May 1st was also a pagan holiday in many parts of Europe, Its roots as a holiday stretch back to the Gaelic Beltane. It was considered the last day of winter when the beginning of summer was celebrated.

During Roman times, May 1st was seen as a key period to celebrate fertility and the arrival of spring. The Roman festival of Flora, the goddess of flowers and the season of spring, was held between April 28th and May 3rd.

Traditional English May Day rites and celebrations include Morris dancing, crowning a May Queen, and dancing around a Maypole; festivities which made it a popular seasonal celebration in medieval England.

History of Labour in Spain

Labour Day was first declared an official holiday in 1931 with the beginning of the Second Spanish Republic.

General Franco abolished the holiday in April 1937, during the Spanish Civil War, promising a new “Trabajo Nacional,” or National Labour Day, would later follow.

However, he changed it to “Fiesta de la Exaltacion del Trabajo,” or Labour Praising Party, with celebrations on July 18th, his birthday.

After the war, any attempts at reconvening a traditional May Day Labour Day were ignored by Franco, despite legitimate attempts to gain focus on living conditions and national poverty.

However, the Catholic Church intervened in 1955, designating May 1st as Fiesta de San José Artesano (St. Joseph the Worker). With protests now typically being held in churches, San José quickly became the patron saint of workers.

During the 50s and 60s, more events were organised around May 1, the unofficial Labour Day, such as days off, boycotts and moments of silence in factories. Franco imprisoned protagonists, but his influence eventually became more preventative when he started detaining seasoned protestors in the days running up to May 1st.

After Franco’s death in 1975 and the move from a dictatorship to a democracy, Labour Day returned, despite still not being an ‘official’ holiday. It was in 1978 that Primero de Mayo was once again a national holiday

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