Galician Literature Day in Spain in 2025

Galician Literature Day in Spain in 2025
Lugo, Galicia, Spain. Image by Cristina Macia , via Pixabay
  How long until Galician Literature Day?
Galician Literature Day
  Dates of Galician Literature Day in Spain
2025 Galicia Sat, May 17 Regional Holiday
2024 Galicia Fri, May 17 Regional Holiday
2023 Galicia Wed, May 17 Regional Holiday
2022 Galicia Tue, May 17 Regional Holiday
2021 Galicia Mon, May 17 Regional Holiday

This annual celebration of the Galician language and its literature was initiated in 1963

  Local name
Día das Letras Galegas

When is Galician Literature Day?

Galician Literature Day (Galician: Día das Letras Galegas) is a regional public holiday in Galicia, Spain, observed on May 17th.

History of Galician Literature Day

In addition to the national public holidays, each autonomous community in Spain can declare two regional holidays. Usually, these are used to celebrate a saint of importance to the region or to honour some long-past battle (usually one that the region lost - as it seems that it is much more melodramatic to commemorate a noble defeat than the successful subjugation of a foe). In Galicia one of the regional holidays follows the normal course as the Feast day of St. James (July 25th) is also the Day of Galicia. For the other regional holiday, Galicia does something quite unique by dedicating a day to celebrate its language and literature.

The Galician Language

Galician is a Romance language spoken by around 2.4 million people, mainly in Galicia, an autonomous community in northwestern Spain, where it has been an official language since 1978, along with Spanish. It is also spoken in neighbouring areas of Asturias and Castile and León. Galician emerged in the 12th century and is similar to Portuguese but uses Spanish spelling conventions.

Galician Literature Day was inaugurated by the Royal Galician Academy in 1963.

The date was chosen as May 17th 1963 was the centenary of the publication of 'Cantares gallegos', the first work written in the Galician language by Rosalía de Castro (1837–1885), who would go on to become one of the most important poets in the history of Galicia.

Since that first day in 1963, May 17th each year has been dedicated to a different writer in the Galician language. The writer is chosen by the Royal Galician Academy, with a key proviso being that the writer has been dead for a least ten years.

Over a thousand books are published in Galician each year and there is a Galician TV channel, a Galician radio station, and several online Galician language news portals.

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