Republic Day in Mongolia in 2024

Republic Day in Mongolia in 2024
Traditional Mongolian Gers.
  How long until Republic Day?
Republic Day
  Dates of Republic Day in Mongolia
2025 Mongolia Wed, Nov 26 National Holiday
2024 Mongolia Tue, Nov 26 National Holiday
2023 Mongolia Sun, Nov 26 National Holiday
2022 Mongolia Sat, Nov 26 National Holiday
2021 Mongolia Fri, Nov 26 National Holiday

The Mongolian People's Republic was proclaimed on November 26th 1924

  Local name
Uls tunhaglasnii Üdür

When is Mongolian Republic Day?

Republic Day is a public holiday in Mongolia on November 26th.

Also known as Proclamation Day, the day commemorates the proclamation of the Mongolian People's Republic and the adoption of the first Constitution of Mongolia on this day in 1924.

History of Mongolian Republic Day

From 1691, Outer Mongolia had been a territory of the Chinese Qing dynasty. A move for independence had been stoked at the start of the 20th century after the Qing dynasty implemented cultural assimilation policies in Outer Mongolia to strengthen the Chinese identity of the territory.

When the Qing dynasty collapsed in 1911, Mongolia declared independence. The newly formed Republic of China considered Outer Mongolia to be part of its territory; and emboldened by the collapse of the Russian Empire, Chinese troops were sent to occupy Mongolia.

The Chinese were ousted in February 1921, when the Mongols received support from Russian soldiers fighting against the Bolsheviks.

This forced the hands of the Soviet Russians who supported the Mongolian People's Party and on July 11th 1921, Mongolia again declared independence, starting a close relationship with the Soviet Union that would last until 1990.

On November 26th 1924, the Mongolian People's Republic was proclaimed and Mongolia became the world's second communist country.

November 26th was made a public holiday on November 18th 2016 in accordance with the parliamentary resolution.

Did you know?

On becoming a republic, the capital of Mongolia, Niislel Khüree was renamed Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator), meaning "Red Hero."

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