Mongolian Republic Day in 2019

Mongolia Public Holiday in Mongolia

Also known as Proclamation Day, Mongolian Republic Day commemorates the proclamation of the Mongolian People's Republic on 26 November 1924.
A traditional Mongolian yurt village.

When is Mongolian Republic Day?

How long until Republic Day?
This holiday next takes place in 222 Days.
When is Republic Day?
Year Weekday Date
2020 Thursday November 26
2019 Tuesday November 26
2018 Monday November 26
1 Day
The Mongolian People's Republic was proclaimed on 26 November 1924

Republic Day is a public holiday in Mongolia on 26th November.

Also known as Proclamation Day, the day commemorates the proclamation of the Mongolian People's Republic in 1924.

History of Mongolian Republic Day

From 1691, Outer Mongolia had been a territory of the Chinese Qing dynasty. A move for independence had been stoked at the start of the 20th century after the Qing dynasty implemented cultural assimilation policies in Outer Mongolia to strengthen the Chinese identity of the territory.

When the Qing dynasty collapsed in 1911, Mongolia declared independence. The newly formed Republic of China considered Outer Mongolia to be part of its territory; and emboldened by the collapse of the Russian Empire, Chinese troops were sent to occupy Mongolia. The Chinese were ousted in February 1921, when the Mongols received support from Russian soldiers fighting against the Bolsheviks.

This forced the hands of the Soviet Russians who supported the Mongolian People's Party and on 11 July 1921, Mongolia again declared independence, starting a close relationship with the Soviet Union that would last until 1990.

On 26 November 1924, the Mongolian People's Republic was proclaimed.

Did you know?

On becoming a republic, the capital of Mongolia, Niislel Khüree was renamed Ulaanbaatar (Ulan Bator), meaning "Red Hero."

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