Flag of Mongolia.
When is Mongolian Independence Day?
How long until Independence Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 313 Days.|
When is Independence Day?
|Celebrates Mongolia's independence from China on 29 December 1911|
Independence Day (Mongolian: Монгол Улсын тусгаар тогтнол) is a public holiday in Mongolia on 29th December.
Also known as National Revolution of Freedom and Independence Day, this holiday commemorates Mongolia's independence from China in 1911.
History of Mongolian Independence Day
From the end of the 17th century, Outer Mongolia had been a territory of the Chinese Qing dynasty. A move for Mongolian independence had been stoked at the start of the 20th century after the Qing dynasty implemented cultural assimilation policies in Outer Mongolia to strengthen the Chinese identity of the territory.
In May 1911, the Xinhai Revolution led to the overthrow of the Qing dynasty and established the Republic of China.
The turmoil in China was pounced upon by the Mongols, and on 29 December 1911, Mongolia officially declared its independence from China.
The spiritual leader of the Tibetan Buddhists was proclaimed Bogd Khan of Mongolia, becoming the head of state.
The Republic of China invaded Mongolia in 1919. They were ousted in 1921. The Soviets then supported Mongolian independence leading to the Mongolian People's Party declaring a second independence on 11 July 1921. This second independence is commemorated each year on Revolution Day which marks the start of the Naadam Festival.
29th December has been a public holiday in Mongolia since 2011, the 100th anniversary of the 1911 independence declaration.