Buddha Day in Mongolia in 2021

Buddha Day in Mongolia in 2021
Golden statue of young Buddha near the hill Zaisan in Ulaanbaator. Image via Deposit Photos

  How long until Buddha Day?
This holiday next takes place in 238 days.
  Dates of Buddha Day in Mongolia
2022 Mongolia Tue, Jun 14 National Holiday
2021 Mongolia Tue, May 25 National Holiday
2020 Mongolia Fri, Jun 5 National Holiday
  Summary
This is a Buddhist festival that marks the death of the Buddha.
  Buddha Day in other countries
Buddha Day internationally

Buddha Day in Mongolia in 2021

In December 2019, the Mongolian Parliament approved a bill on amendments to Law on Public Holidays, submitted by Parliament members.

The amendment establishes the Buddha day or the birth, enlightenment and death of Gautama Buddha, which falls on the 15th of the first month of summer each year, according to Buddhist calendar, as a public holiday.

During the discussion, parliament members pointed out that the Buddha Day should be celebrated as a day to encourage compassion, empathy and kindness and promote love for mother nature, parents and family.

Buddha Day in Mongolia

In December 2019, the Mongolian Parliament approved a bill on amendments to Law on Public Holidays, submitted by Parliament members.

The amendment establishes the Buddha day or the birth, enlightenment and death of Gautama Buddha, which falls on the 15th of the first month of summer each year, according to Buddhist calendar, as a public holiday.

During the discussion, parliament members pointed out that the Buddha Day should be celebrated as a day to encourage compassion, empathy and kindness and promote love for mother nature, parents and family.

When is Buddha Parinirvana?

Lord Buddha’s Parinirvana or Duechen Nga Zom is observed on the 15th Day of the Fourth Month of the Bhutanese calendar which usually falls in either late May or June. It may also be known as Nirvana day.

Traditions of Buddha Parinirvana

It was on this day that the Buddha was conceived, born, subdued evil gained enlightenment and attained Nirvana. 

It is considered one of the most auspicious days for Buddhists all over the world.

Passages from the Nirvana Sutra describing the Buddha's last days of life are often read on Parinirvana Day. Other observances include meditation and visits to Buddhist temples and monasteries. Also, the day is a time to think about one's own future death and on the deaths of loved ones. This thought process reflects the Buddhist teachings on impermanence.

Buddha Day in Mongolia

This day is marked by chanting and praying sessions, Buddhist rituals and ceremonies, awarding events and exhibition for essay writing and painting competitions take place at Buddhist monasteries, including the famous Gandantegchinlen Monastery.

There are about 200 Buddhist temples in Mongolia and a monastic sangha of around 300 to 500 Mongolian monks and nuns. According to the 2010 National Census, among Mongolians aged 15 and above, 53% were Buddhists.

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