Moldovan stamps featuring Stefan cel Mare and the Moldovan language
When is Moldovan National Language Day?
How long until National Language Day?
|This holiday next takes place in 345 Days.|
Dates of National Language Day
|Marks the demonstrations of 1989 that made Moldova adopt the its language laws|
National Language Day is a public holiday in Moldova observed on 31st August, the traditional last day of summer.
Known as "Limba noastră" (Our Language), it celebrates the state language.
History of National Language Day
In 1940, Moldova (then known as Bessarabia) had been occupied by the USSR as a result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. The use of Russian Cyrillic was then imposed as the official alphabet of the newly founded Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic (MSSR).
The majority of Moldovans had been speaking Romanian and the imposition of Cyrillic was seen as an attempt by the Soviets to drive a wedge between Moldova and Romania, forcing closer ties with Russia.
On 27 August 1989, the Popular Front of Moldova organised a mass demonstration of over 300,000 people in the capital Chişinău. This demonstration became known as the Great National Assembly and helped convince the authorities of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic to adopt a language law.
The language law was passed on 31 August 1989 and proclaimed the Moldovan language written in the Latin script to be the official state language of the MSSR.
The language law also formally proclaimed that Moldovan and Romanian were the same. The Soviets had insisted that Moldovan was a different language from Romanian in order to promote the idea that Moldovans and Romanians were separate nations.
On 23 June 1990 the Moldovan Parliament established 31st August as National Language Day.
How is National Language Day Celebrated?
On National Language Day, the President of the Republic of Moldova will lay flowers at the monument to Stefan cel Mare in the capital, Chişinău.
At a recent National Language Day, the President said, "This is a holiday of our historical language, the language spoken by the great Stefan, the Moldovan language. This is how it is stated in the Constitution of the Republic of Moldova. I call on all to respect the Constitution, to know and respect our language, because it is part of our age-old history."
The holiday is seen as a patriotic holiday and second only in importance to Independence Day which takes place a few days before on 27th August.