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Moldovan Independence Day in 2019

Maldovan National Holidays Public Holiday in Moldova

Independence day is a public holiday in Moldova on 27th August. This is Moldova's National Day and commemorates independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.

When is Moldovan Independence Day?

How long until Independence Day?
This holiday next takes place in 341 Days.
Dates of Independence Day
Year Weekday Date
2020 Thursday August 27th
2019 Tuesday August 27th
2018 Monday August 27th
2017 Sunday August 27th
2016 Saturday August 27th
Local Name
Ziua Independenței
Summary
Marks the Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union on 27 August 1991

This public holiday is always celebrated on 27 August. In Moldovan, it is called 'Ziua Independenței'. This is Moldova's National Day.

The day marks the adoption of the Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union on 27 August 1991.

History of Moldovan Independence Day

This small land-locked East European nation has always been influenced by the presence of its larger neighbours whose wars and imperial ambitions often had dramatic impacts on the fate of the country.

Moldavia became a principality in 1359 when Bogdan I crossed the Carpathians and took control from the Hungarians. In the middle of the sixteenth century it came under the influence of the Ottoman Empire becoming a vassal state, though Moldova retained control of its own affairs.

Following the end of the Russo-Turkish War, the 1812 Treaty of Bucharest ceded the eastern half of Moldavia to the Russian Empire, which was named the region Bessarabia.

In 1918, after the end of the First World War and the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania.

Did you know?

The Mileștii Mici wine cellar in Moldova is the world’s largest with nearly two million bottles of wine stored in its vaults.

This unity lasted until 1940, when Romania was compelled to cede the country to the Soviet Union as a consequence of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact when Romania was carved up between Hitler's Germany and Stalin's USSR. 

Like other Soviet regions, the movement for independence gathered pace in the late 1980's with the change in the political situation created by glasnost and perestroika. The first democratic elections were held in early 1990.

After the failure of the 1991 Soviet coup attempt to remove President Gorbachev, Moldova declared declared itself an independent and sovereign state on 27 August 1991.

Moldova's Independence was officially recognized on 2 March 1992, when Moldova became a member of the United Nations.

Did you know?

Until 2010, the Moldovan flag differed on the obverse and reverse sides, with the coat of arms only appearing on the front.

How is Moldovan Independence Day celebrated?

Moldova's Independence Day is celebrated with fireworks, concerts and parades. The Moldovan president will address the nation with a patriotic speech. Along with Christmas Day, this is one of the few Moldovan public holidays on which shops will close.


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