Revolution Day in Mexico in 2024

Revolution Day in Mexico in 2024
  How long until Revolution Day?
Revolution Day
  Dates of Revolution Day in Mexico
2025 Mexico Mon, Nov 17 Statutory Holiday
2024 Mexico Mon, Nov 18 Statutory Holiday
2023 Mexico Mon, Nov 20 Statutory Holiday
2022 Mexico Mon, Nov 21 Statutory Holiday
2021 Mexico Mon, Nov 15 Statutory Holiday

Celebrates the beginning of the Mexican Revolution in 1910. Observed the third Monday of November

  Local name
Día de la Revolución

When is Mexican Revolution Day?

Revolution Day is a public holiday in Mexico, observed on the third Monday of November.

This holiday celebrates the beginning of the Mexican Revolution in 1910.

About Mexican Revolution Day

For most of Mexico's developing history, a small minority of the people were in control of most of the country's power and wealth, while the majority of the population worked in poverty. As the rift between the poor and rich grew under the leadership of General Díaz, the political voice of the lower classes was also declining. Opposition of Díaz did surface when Francisco I. Madero, educated in Europe and at the University of California, led a series of strikes throughout the country.

Díaz was pressured into holding an election in 1910, in which Madero was able to gather a significant number of the votes. Although Díaz was at one time a strong supporter of the one-term limit, he seemed to have changed his mind and had Madero imprisoned, feeling that the people of Mexico just weren't ready for democracy.

Once Madero was released from prison, he continued his battle against Díaz in an attempt to have him overthrown. During this time, several other Mexican folk heroes began to emerge, including the well-known Pancho Villa in the north, and the peasant Emiliano Zapata in the south, who were able to harass the Mexican army and wrest control of their respective regions. Díaz was unable to control the spread of the insurgence and resigned in May 1911, with the signing of the Treaty of Ciudad Juárez, after which he fled to France.

Madero was elected president but received opposition from Emiliano Zapata who didn't wish to wait for the orderly implementation of Madero's desired land reforms. In November of the same year, Zapata denounced Madero as president and took the position for himself. He controlled the state of Morelos, where he chased out the estate owners and divided their lands to the peasants. Later, in 1919, Zapata was assassinated by Jesus Guajardo acting under orders from General Pablo Gonzalez.

It was during this time that the country broke into many different factions, and guerilla units roamed across the country destroying and burning down many large haciendas and ranchos. Madero was later taken prisoner and executed and the entire country existed in a state of disorder for several years, while Pancho Villa rampaged through the north, and different factions fought for presidential control.

Eventually, Venustiano Carranza rose to the presidency and organized an important convention whose outcome was the Constitution of 1917, which is still in effect today. Carranza made land reform an important part of that constitution. This resulted in the ejido, or farm cooperative program that redistributed much of the country's land from the wealthy landholders to the peasants. The ejidos are still in place today and comprise nearly half of all the farmland in Mexico.

Carranza was followed by others who would fight for political control, and who would eventually continue with the reforms, both in education and land distribution. During this period the PRI political party was established, which was the dominant political power for 71 years until Vicente Fox of the conservative PAN party was elected.

The holiday itself commemorates November 20th 1910, when Madero denounced President Díaz, declared himself president of Mexico, and called for a national insurrection.

Madero launched a plan to overthrow him. The plan had a main motto: “Effective suffrage, no re-election.” It demanded labour rights and land distribution, which were sought after by social groups against Díaz.

According to the Chronology of the Revolution by the National Institute of Historical Studies on the Revolutions of Mexico (Inehrm), the plan called for an armed struggle on Nov. 20th, from 6 p.m. onwards, in which all citizens of the Republic were called to take up arms to overthrow Díaz.

Nationwide, however, 13 armed struggles had already begun before 6 p.m. on that day, marking Nov. 20th as the start of the Mexican Revolution.

How is Mexican Revolution Day Celebrated?

To commemorate the day, many cities around the country organize a military parade.

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