St. Maroun Day in Lebanon in 2020

St. Maroun Day in Lebanon in 2020
  How long until St. Maroun Day?
This holiday next takes place in 89 days.
  Dates of St. Maroun Day in Lebanon
2021 Lebanon Tue, Feb 9 National Holiday
2020 Lebanon Sun, Feb 9 National Holiday
2019 Lebanon Sat, Feb 9 National Holiday
2018 Lebanon Fri, Feb 9 National Holiday
2017 Lebanon Thu, Feb 9 National Holiday
  Summary
St. Maroun is considered the Father of the Maronite Church

When is the Feast Day of St. Maron?

This holiday is always celebrated on 9th February, the Feast day of Saint Maron.

This is an important holiday for Lebanese Maronite Christians who account for about 22% of the total population of Lebanon. 

History of the Feast Day of St. Maron

What we know about Maron, the spiritual father of the Maronites comes from Theodoret, the bishop of Cyr. In approximately 444 AD, Theodoret undertook the project of writing a religious history about his religion. Theodoret never knew Maron personally, but only through the disciples of this holy man. He described Maron as "the one who has planted for God the garden which flourishes now in the region of Cyr."

Little is known of the birth or early years of Maron. It is generally accepted that he was born in what is now modern Syria, in the middle of the 4th century. Maroun was a priest who later became a hermit, retiring to the Taurus Mountains in the region of Cyrrhus, near Antioch. His holiness and miracles attracted many followers and drew attention throughout the empire.

According to history, Maron was never satisfied with the ordinary practices of asceticism, but was "always seeking for new ways to accumulate all the treasures of wisdom." Maron was the spiritual leader not only of the hermits who lived near him but of all the Christian faithful in the area. He used to counsel them, heal their bodily and spiritual ills. All of these apostolic endeavors manifested wisdom and holiness of the hermit Maron.

The date of Maron's death is placed somewhere between 407 and 423. Because of his great popularity among the people, riots broke out at the time of his death because everyone wanted to save his remains in their village.

The Maronite Church formerly celebrated the feast of this great saint on January 5th. (This is the day in which the church of Kfarhai was consecrated in his honor.) However, in the seventeenth century, the feast was transferred to February 9th. Lebanon has proclaimed Maron as its patron saint and Pope Benedict XIV granted a plenary indulgence to everyone who visited a Maronite Chruch on February 9th.

There are approximately twenty saints among Maron's disciples, three of whom were women. Theodoret describes these disciples of Maron with these words: "These anchorites were virtuous and heroic, totally dedicated to a life of contemplative prayer. They were strangers to any other consideration in the world. They were obedient to Church authority and tried to imitate their predecessor in their exercises of austerity. At times, their acts of penance and mortification were excessive, but they were always obedient to ecclesiastical authority."

After the Council of Chalcedon, Bishop Theodoret worked to construct the famous Monastery of Saint Maron. In addition to being a stronghold for the defense of the teachings of the Council of Chalcedon, this monastery was for a long time the center of the cultural and theological heritage of Antioch.

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