National Foundation Day in Japan in 2020

  How long until National Foundation Day?
This holiday next takes place in 16 days.
  Dates of National Foundation Day in Japan
2022 Japan Fri, Feb 11 National Holiday
2021 Japan Thu, Feb 11 National Holiday
2020 Japan Tue, Feb 11 National Holiday
2019 Japan Mon, Feb 11 National Holiday
2018 Feb 11, Feb 12
JapanMon, Feb 12National Holiday (in lieu)
JapanSun, Feb 11National Holiday
Japan's National Day marks the traditional date on which according to legend Emperor Jimmu founded Japan in 660 BC
  Local name
Kenkoku Kinen no hi

When is National Foundation Day?

February 11th is National Foundation Day, a national holiday for Japanese people to remind themselves of the nation's founding and foster their love for the nation.

History of National Foundation Day

It marks the traditional date on which according to legend Emperor Jimmu founded Japan in 660 BC

Japan switched from the traditional Japanese calendar - a lunar calendar based on the waxing and waning of the moon - to the Gregorian calendar starting in January 1873.

It was at this time that the day of the enthronement of Emperor Jinmu, the first Japanese emperor, was made a national holiday and named Kigen-setsu. February 11th 660 BC was determined as the day of enthronement by calculating the date in the solar calendar corresponding to the date recorded in the Chronicles of Japan, Japan's first history compiled on imperial orders.

However, many historians now believe that Emperor Jinmu's enthronement, as described in the Chronicles, was probably not a historical fact but merely folklore.

Before World War II, governmental offices and schools across Japan held many celebrations on Kigen-setsu, but after the war, the holiday was abolished for several reasons.

However, there were so many complaints about the removal of the holiday that in 1966 the day was reinstated as a national holiday, renamed as National Foundation Day.

During public holidays, tourist attractions and public transport are generally more crowded. Hotels may charge a holiday pricing premium of up to 50% on normal rates.

Did you know?

Three facts about National Foundation Day

Despite being one of the world’s most densely populated countries, 80% of Japan is covered in forest.

In Japanese, the name “Japan” is Nihon or Nippon, which means “Land of the Rising Sun.” It was once believed that Japan was the first country to see the sun rise in the East in the morning.

Many people assume that “emoji” is derived from the word “emotion”. In reality, it means “picture letter” in Japanese.

More facts about National Foundation Day

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